- #1

>>negative mass-energy. He wrote that he wouldn't elaborate on it in

>>a physical theory since it had not been physically observed. His

>>predilection for a net density of 0 can be seen in his writing as

>>is his almost plaintive admission that "this does not appear so."

>>He never wavered in his disallowing of physical singularities and

>>could he have known of their popularity soon after his death he

>>likely would be especially receptive to a possibility that would

>>preclude them and provide tests for which data might (and did) soon

>>appear.

>>

>>

>>

>>

>>

>>Model of Universe Allowing Probability of Creation of Particles

>>

>>This model holds that all existing particles have non-zero

>>probabilities for creation and annihilation (Pc, Pa) and these same

>>probabilities exist for particles of like observable descriptors

>>except that the mass is negative and equal in quantity---- |m-| =

>>|m+|. (Pc=particles/time-cubic three space, Pa = particles/time.

>>Probabilities operate in proper space-time).

>>

>>In laboratory of m+ matter observation of E/M interactions between

>>m- and m+ matter inhibited by lack of m- matter. This lack of

>>perception within the laboratory produces difficulty in conceiving

>>of possible E/M interactions between m+ instruments in the

>>laboratory and m-matter at large distance. m- collections thus

>>appear transparent, unusually devoid of m+ matter.

>>

>>The probability for creation of neutrons apparently being

>>considerable, this is the only probability considered here.

>>Particles of one type of mass will tend to collect gravitationally

>>and repel oppositely massed particles. M(sum of m+ minus sum of m-

>>within a radius r) divided by |M|( sum of m- plus sum of m+) tends

>>monotonically to zero as r increases about any point. Likely GR

>>will agree that E/M and other physics of m- matter are similar to

>>that for m+ matter.

>>

>>A collapsing m+ neutron star will speed clocks of m- matter . These

>>"clocks" acting thru Pc preclude developed black hole: the formulas

>>below relate to neutrons entering a sphere of radius R(inside

>>neutron star) at velocity dr/dt.

>>

>>Density at its surface is D(finite number).

>>

>>dm/dt, R, D are observed, measured far from star.

>>

>>dm+/dt = 4 xPi x Rsquare x D(R) x dr/dt < 4 x Pi x Rsquare x D x C

>>(light speed=1)

>>

>>dm-/dt > Pc x 4/3 x Pi x R^3 (1+ M/2R)^3 over 1-2M/R.

>>

>>M = D x volume of sphere of radius R. Note that when integrating

>>IntD/r over this sphere to get metric-- ruler-clock expansion

>>factor, the largest r between any mass element and any 3space

>>element for which we desire the factor is 2R. Thus actual expansion

>>factor greater. Note we are ignoring mass outside the sphere.

>>

>>If R is such that M(R)/2R is close enough to 1 that dm-/dt > dm+/dt

>>(note that expansion of rulers goes to 2) that is:

>>

>>Pc x 4/3 x Pi x 2^3 R^3 over 1-M/2R > 4 x Pi x R^2 x D

>>

>>or Pc x 8/3 R over 1-M/2R > D --- then

>>

>>net mass within radius R does not increase. The alternative to the

>>above "If" is that there is no R such that M / 2R approaches one.

>>m- neutrons appearing within high enough density of m+ neutrons

>>will annihilate with m+ neutrons(QM extrapolation)

>>

>>Very large collections of m+ matter containing much hydrogen will

>>present high energy--low particle density which decreases

>>probability of annihilation of m+-m- matter and escape of m-

>>matter. Local region of order 10^10 Ly possibly artifact of prior

>>collapse of region of this order and subsequent fusion-excursion

>>expansion.

>>

>>A large region of relatively constant density m- matter containing

>>a smaller void(perhaps due to presence of m+ matter there) can be

>>handled in the elementary physics classroom by imagining the region

>>to have no void but have imbedded in the m- dominated region a

>>small region of m+ matter of absolute density equal to the

>>"average" density of the voided region of m- matter. A void induced

>>by an m+ galaxy in a large m- region could be approximated as a

>>sphere of m+ matter of radius of order of the galaxy. As the

>>gravitational(centripetal) effect of this incompressible imaginary

>>matter would proceed from 0 at r=0 to maximum at the surface, far

>>observation would show that the outer reaches of the galaxy suffer

>>a higher central attraction(and velocity) than more central matter.

>>This effect is superimposed on the effect of the visible(m+) matter

>>

>>A compact enough galaxy cluster could induce above Elem. Phy. void

>>of cluster size thus effecting the dynamics of peripheral galaxies

>>within the cluster more than central ones in their co-orbiting.

>>Individual galaxies would not exhibit the appearance of higher

>>central attraction for peripheral matter. Individual galaxies in

>>less compact clusters would exhibit combination of above dynamics.

>>

>>Thank you for your consideration,

>>

>>John Shoemaker

>

>>