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Model of Universe Allowing Creation of Particles

  1. Jun 16, 2003 #1
    Einstein repeatedly noted that the his theory didn't preclude
    >>negative mass-energy. He wrote that he wouldn't elaborate on it in
    >>a physical theory since it had not been physically observed. His
    >>predilection for a net density of 0 can be seen in his writing as
    >>is his almost plaintive admission that "this does not appear so."
    >>He never wavered in his disallowing of physical singularities and
    >>could he have known of their popularity soon after his death he
    >>likely would be especially receptive to a possibility that would
    >>preclude them and provide tests for which data might (and did) soon
    >>Model of Universe Allowing Probability of Creation of Particles
    >>This model holds that all existing particles have non-zero
    >>probabilities for creation and annihilation (Pc, Pa) and these same
    >>probabilities exist for particles of like observable descriptors
    >>except that the mass is negative and equal in quantity---- |m-| =
    >>|m+|. (Pc=particles/time-cubic three space, Pa = particles/time.
    >>Probabilities operate in proper space-time).
    >>In laboratory of m+ matter observation of E/M interactions between
    >>m- and m+ matter inhibited by lack of m- matter. This lack of
    >>perception within the laboratory produces difficulty in conceiving
    >>of possible E/M interactions between m+ instruments in the
    >>laboratory and m-matter at large distance. m- collections thus
    >>appear transparent, unusually devoid of m+ matter.
    >>The probability for creation of neutrons apparently being
    >>considerable, this is the only probability considered here.
    >>Particles of one type of mass will tend to collect gravitationally
    >>and repel oppositely massed particles. M(sum of m+ minus sum of m-
    >>within a radius r) divided by |M|( sum of m- plus sum of m+) tends
    >>monotonically to zero as r increases about any point. Likely GR
    >>will agree that E/M and other physics of m- matter are similar to
    >>that for m+ matter.
    >>A collapsing m+ neutron star will speed clocks of m- matter . These
    >>"clocks" acting thru Pc preclude developed black hole: the formulas
    >>below relate to neutrons entering a sphere of radius R(inside
    >>neutron star) at velocity dr/dt.
    >>Density at its surface is D(finite number).
    >>dm/dt, R, D are observed, measured far from star.
    >>dm+/dt = 4 xPi x Rsquare x D(R) x dr/dt < 4 x Pi x Rsquare x D x C
    >>(light speed=1)
    >>dm-/dt > Pc x 4/3 x Pi x R^3 (1+ M/2R)^3 over 1-2M/R.
    >>M = D x volume of sphere of radius R. Note that when integrating
    >>IntD/r over this sphere to get metric-- ruler-clock expansion
    >>factor, the largest r between any mass element and any 3space
    >>element for which we desire the factor is 2R. Thus actual expansion
    >>factor greater. Note we are ignoring mass outside the sphere.
    >>If R is such that M(R)/2R is close enough to 1 that dm-/dt > dm+/dt
    >>(note that expansion of rulers goes to 2) that is:
    >>Pc x 4/3 x Pi x 2^3 R^3 over 1-M/2R > 4 x Pi x R^2 x D
    >>or Pc x 8/3 R over 1-M/2R > D --- then
    >>net mass within radius R does not increase. The alternative to the
    >>above "If" is that there is no R such that M / 2R approaches one.
    >>m- neutrons appearing within high enough density of m+ neutrons
    >>will annihilate with m+ neutrons(QM extrapolation)
    >>Very large collections of m+ matter containing much hydrogen will
    >>present high energy--low particle density which decreases
    >>probability of annihilation of m+-m- matter and escape of m-
    >>matter. Local region of order 10^10 Ly possibly artifact of prior
    >>collapse of region of this order and subsequent fusion-excursion
    >>A large region of relatively constant density m- matter containing
    >>a smaller void(perhaps due to presence of m+ matter there) can be
    >>handled in the elementary physics classroom by imagining the region
    >>to have no void but have imbedded in the m- dominated region a
    >>small region of m+ matter of absolute density equal to the
    >>"average" density of the voided region of m- matter. A void induced
    >>by an m+ galaxy in a large m- region could be approximated as a
    >>sphere of m+ matter of radius of order of the galaxy. As the
    >>gravitational(centripetal) effect of this incompressible imaginary
    >>matter would proceed from 0 at r=0 to maximum at the surface, far
    >>observation would show that the outer reaches of the galaxy suffer
    >>a higher central attraction(and velocity) than more central matter.
    >>This effect is superimposed on the effect of the visible(m+) matter
    >>A compact enough galaxy cluster could induce above Elem. Phy. void
    >>of cluster size thus effecting the dynamics of peripheral galaxies
    >>within the cluster more than central ones in their co-orbiting.
    >>Individual galaxies would not exhibit the appearance of higher
    >>central attraction for peripheral matter. Individual galaxies in
    >>less compact clusters would exhibit combination of above dynamics.
    >>Thank you for your consideration,
    >>John Shoemaker
  2. jcsd
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