Modes of Vibration

  • Thread starter adpr02
  • Start date
  • #1
8
0
Hi,

I'm playing around with ANSYS to find the modes of vibration of a structure. How do I know which are the most important modes? I understand that there are infinite modes of vibration - getting higher and higher in frequency.

I'm guessing that it has something to do with the effective mass of each mode versus the total mass.

Also, when people say "Natural Frequency," which mode does that frequency belong to?

Cheers
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
OldEngr63
Gold Member
732
51
There is a "natural frequency" associated with each mode of vibration. For most purposes, the lower frequency modes will be the important modes, because it takes more and more energy to excite the higher frequency modes.
 
  • #3
8
0
Ok. How do I know how many of the lower modes are important?

The reason I ask is because the first 9 are well below forcing frequency. 10th mode is pretty much bang on the forcing frequency.
 
  • #4
AlephZero
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
7,002
293
If your excitation force is a sine wave at a fixed frequency, the important modes are likely to be the ones close to that frequency. It doesn't matter whether that is the first or the 100th mode.

Actually you can improve on that statement by saying the important modes are also those where the structure moves a lot at the point where the force is acting, because theo more the structure can move, the more work force can do to excite that mode (work = force x distance).
 
  • #5
OldEngr63
Gold Member
732
51
In a transient situation, all of the lower modes are important. In steady state, it is more as AlephZero has described. Remember also that an excitation acting at a nodal point of a particular mode cannot excite that mode, no matter what the extent of frequency alignment.
 

Related Threads on Modes of Vibration

  • Last Post
Replies
11
Views
53K
Replies
13
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
954
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
783
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
11
Views
808
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
968
Top