Moment of Inertia of a Pulley

In summary, the conversation discussed a problem involving a system consisting of two masses connected by a light rope and a pulley with a radius of 0.20 meters. The acceleration of one of the masses was given and the question was to find the moment of inertia of the pulley. The conversation provided hints on how to approach the problem, including drawing a Free Body Diagram and writing equations of motion for each body. The final steps involved using kinematic relations to find the moment of inertia of the pulley.
  • #1
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Homework Statement


A mass (M1 = 5.0 kg) is connected by a light rope to a mass (M2 = 4.0 kg) which slides on a smooth surface, as shown in the figure. The pulley (radius = 0.20 meter) rotates about a frictionless axle. The acceleration of M2 is 3.5 m/s2. What is the moment of inertia of the pulley?

https://ce.byu.edu/courses/univ/694820121006/media/l10g8.gif


Homework Equations



I=mr^2


The Attempt at a Solution



I have no references in my textbook as to how to approach this sort of problem. I'm not sure where I should even begin.
 
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  • #2
What would be the acceleration of the system if the pulley was massless?

They give you what the actual acceleration is, so how would you go about accounting for the difference?
 
  • #3
Couple hints...

Is it fair to say that the pulley has a tangential acceleration equal to the acceleration of the system? (consisting of M1 and M2)

What is the force making the pulley rotate, and how large is it?

M=Ja

Where M is the torque, J is the moment of inertia and a is the angular acceleration
 
  • #4
It would help to start by drawing a Free Body Diagram (FBD) for each of the masses and the pulley. Then write the equations of motion for each body - two linear equations and one rotational equation, along with the necessary kinematic relations. At that point, it should all be evident how to put it together to find the MMOI of the pulley.
 
  • #5
I apologize for the late reply. All of what you have said has helped me. Thank you very much. All of you.
 

1. What is the moment of inertia of a pulley?

The moment of inertia of a pulley is a measure of its resistance to changes in rotation. It is a property that depends on the mass distribution of the pulley and the axis of rotation.

2. How is the moment of inertia of a pulley calculated?

The moment of inertia of a pulley can be calculated by using the formula I = mr^2, where m is the mass of the pulley and r is the radius of the pulley.

3. What factors affect the moment of inertia of a pulley?

The moment of inertia of a pulley is affected by the mass distribution of the pulley, the shape of the pulley, and the axis of rotation.

4. Why is the moment of inertia of a pulley important?

The moment of inertia of a pulley is important because it helps in understanding the rotational dynamics of the pulley and its interaction with other objects in a system. It is also used in the design and analysis of mechanical systems involving pulleys.

5. How does the moment of inertia of a pulley affect its rotational motion?

The moment of inertia of a pulley affects its rotational motion by determining the amount of torque needed to accelerate or decelerate its rotation. A pulley with a larger moment of inertia will require more torque to change its rotational speed compared to a pulley with a smaller moment of inertia.

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