(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

The Army of the Nation of Whynot has a plan to propel small vehicles across the battlefield by shooting them, from behind, with a machine gun. They've hired you as a consultant to help with an upcoming test. A 100 kg test vehicle will roll along frictionless rails. The vehicle has a tall "sail" made of ultrahard steel. Previous tests have shown that a 20.0g bullet traveling at 400 m/s rebounds from the sail at 100 m/s. The design objective is for the cart to reach a speed of 19.0 m/s in 30.0 s . You need to tell them how many bullets to fire per second from the machine gun. Note that your answer should be a rate, which can be fractional, rather than a quantity, which must be an integer.

2. Relevant equations

p=mv J=change in momentum

3. The attempt at a solution

I found the impulse exerted on a bullet.

J=(.02kg)(-100m/s)-(.02kg)(400m/s)

J= -10 Ns

Then I set up an equation to find what impulse needs to be exerted on the cart to speed up to 19 m/s:

0kgm/s + J = (100kg)(19 m/s)

J=1900 Ns

Then I assumed the impulse exerted on a bullet is the same as the impulse exerted on the sail by a single bullet :

1900Ns* (1 bullet/10Ns) =190 bullets

I then divided that by 30 sec. & came up with 6.33 bullets/sec.

Is this correct?

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# Momentum problem

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