Was it Plato who advocated lying in bed and thinking instead of performing experiments? And Aristotle was the young hotshot who believed otherwise?One of the things that stopped science for many hundreds years was the fact that experiments were considered unnecessary. So I would go with something like "scientific method & the nature is always right" - but I agree that first, it can be abused, second, you need a critical mass for things to get started.
Some people do research for the first reason, in general, society wants it to be done for the second reason."The two divergent views" (I.e. the value of knowledge as an end in itself, against as a means to useful applications)
Like the huge computer network required? I wonder how much funding it still receives as of now. Most European governments would have probably classified it as low priority due to the economic crisis.Not always, and the society does not make direct decisions about big science projects.
The LHC produces useful applications. Win-win situation for all.