# Homework Help: Motion in One Dimension

1. Sep 18, 2009

### agm2010

I have a few problems I'm having trouble with. If I can get some help with this one I should be able to figure out the rest I have.

1. A rock is thrown downward from the top of a tower with an initial speed of 12 m/s. If the rock hits the ground after 2.0 s, what is the height of the tower? (neglect air resistance).

Known:
$$Vi=12m/s$$
$$\Delta t=2 s$$
$$a=9.8 m/s$$

Relevant equations:
$$Vf^2=Vi^2+2a(\Delta y)$$

My attempt:
$$\Delta y=Vf^2-Vi^2-(2a)$$
$$\Delta y=0-144-(2*9.8 m/s^2)$$
$$\Delta y=-163.6$$
$$Height=163.6 m$$

I'm not sure if this is right. I think I run into trouble when I rearrange the formula. Multiple choice answer D is 63 m, so it's either a typo or I'm doing something wrong. A little guidance please? Thank you!

2. Sep 18, 2009

### rl.bhat

If a = b + gc, then
c = (a - b)/g
So your Δy formula is wrong.

3. Sep 18, 2009

### agm2010

Ah, ok. I see what I did.

Corrected formula:
$$\Delta y=Vf^2-Vi^2/2a$$

I also need to first find the final velocity:

$$Vf=Vi+a(\Delta t)$$
$$Vf=12 m/s + 9.8 m/s^2 (2 s)$$
$$Vf=31.6 m/s$$

Now for $$\Delta y$$:

$$\Delta y = (31.6m/s^2) - (12 m/s^2) / 2(9.8m/s^2)$$:
$$\Delta y = 43.6 m$$
Height: 44 m

So it turned out to be a silly mistake. At least I learned from it. Thanks rl.bhat!

4. Sep 18, 2009

### kNYsJakE

You can also derive the formula that you need.

Here is an alternative way to solve this problem. This will help.

Given that the acceleration is 9.8 m/s^2 we know that

$$\ddot{x}=9.8 m/s^2$$

and given that the initial velocity is 12 m/s, we can get

$$\dot{x}=9.8t + 12$$

and finally, setting the initial point as 0 m

$$x=\frac{9.8}{2}t^2+12t$$

Now you can plug in t=2 sec, and you get

$$x=43.6 m$$

A simple calculus trick. This will help you solving more complicated problems later, without any formulae memorized. =)

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