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Mu-metal reflects B-field?

  1. Apr 12, 2012 #1
    Hi

    I have a question regarding mu-metal, which I haven't beem able to find the answer to online. Say I have a current loop placed enclosed in a cylindrical magnetic shield made of mu-metal as shown in the attachment (red loop is the current loop).

    The shielding will prevent any B-field to penetrate it, but wont it also act as a "B-field mirror", i.e. it will basically appear to a particle inside the shield that there are three coils: 2 with oppositely directed currents to the actual, physical one?

    Best,
    Niles.
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 13, 2012 #2
    Mu metal has a very high permeability, so it basically sucks up magnetic field lines.

    In your example, the mu metal cylinder would get polarized by the magnetic field from the current loop in its center. The polarization of the cylinder would be opposite to the current loop and such that on the outside, the sum of the magnetic fields would cancel (or nearly cancel). I think that some field lines would still leak out at the ends of the cylinder.

    I guess the magnetization would not be constant along the length of the cylinder, but highest in the mid plane, and lower towards the ends. To simulate this exactly, you would need a whole lot of current loops along the length of the cylinder, each with a different current. The direction of the current is opposite to the current in the central loop.

    To get the details right, one would have to do a numerical simulation.
     
  4. Apr 20, 2012 #3
    Thanks!
     
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