# Multipolar Polarization

## Homework Statement

Using the explicit expression for the mulitpolar polarization, find the matrix elements <2s | P(r) | 1s> of the microscopic polarization between the 1s and 2s states of the hydrogen atom.

## Homework Equations

$$P(r) = \int dr' r' \rho(r') \delta(r-r')$$

I don't understand how the Dirac Delta Function is supposed work? What it is and how does it operate in the intergral?

## The Attempt at a Solution

$$<\psi(2s) | P(r) | \psi(1s) = \int dr' r' \rho(r') \delta(r-r')$$

$$\psi(1s), \psi(2s)$$ are just H-atom wavefunctions.

## Answers and Replies

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I'm not familiar with this operator, but just looking at the equation for P(r) I would read it as rho(r)*r. The delta function restricts the integrand to the point where r' = r, and it's equal to zero for other values of r'.

This is easy!