(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

It is well known that common salt (NaCl) is easily dissolved in water. In the solution Na and Cl atoms are present as positive and negative ("solvated") ions. Show that, due to the high dielectric constant of water and the resulting screening of the Coulomb potential, the binding energy of a NaCl crystal in water is smaller than the mean thermal energy of the free ions. Calculate the equilibrium separation of the ions of a hypothetical NaCl crystal in water and show that this separation is larger than the van der Waals radius of a water molecule, thereby justifying the approximate approach used here to discuss the solubility of NaCl.

2. Relevant equations

[tex] U(r)=N\left ( \frac{e^2}{4 \pi \epsilon_0 r}A + \frac{B}{r^n} \sum \frac{1}{P^n_{ij}} \right ) [/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

Is this the right equation to use to find the binding energy?: differentiate U and equate it to zero.

What is the bulk modulus of NaCl in water? Is it the same as that in free space?

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# NaCl binding energy

Can you offer guidance or do you also need help?

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**