Nature of Atomic Structure

In summary, the space between an atom's nucleus and its electron shells is not actually a physical space as the electron shells encompass the entire atom. The popular model of a small nucleus and distant electron shells, known as the Bohr Model, is inaccurate but is still commonly taught due to its usefulness in teaching basic science concepts. This model dates back to 1913 and is based on the analogy that if the nucleus was the size of a basketball, the electrons would be orbiting in the top rows of a large football stadium. However, this analogy is not an accurate representation of the actual electron distribution in an atom.
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Sanborn Chase

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The Space Between the Nucleus and Electron Shells?
Summary: The Space Between the Nucleus and Electron Shells?

What composes the space between an atom's nucleus and its electron shells?
 
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There is no space in between. The electron shells are spread over the whole size of the atom - including the volume of the nucleus.
 
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So the popular model of a tiny nucleus and way out there is the first electron shell is totally inaccurate? Why would such a fabrication still be taught? I remember the analogy as this: if the nucleus was the size of a basketball the electrons would be whizzing around the top rows of a major football stadium. It's all garbage?
 
  • #5
Sanborn Chase said:
if the nucleus was the size of a basketball the electrons would be whizzing around the top rows of a major football stadium
They are in the whole stadium in that analogy.
 

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