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Need a physical picture

  1. Oct 4, 2011 #1
    Need a physical picture!!!

    The electric potential of some charge configuration is given by V(r) = A*e^(-λr) / r

    Its Electric field is E = A*[(λr+1)/(r^2)]*e^(-λr) [itex]\hat{r}[/itex]

    And its charge density is ρ = 4*pi*A*ε0*δ(r) - [(ε0*(λ^2)*A*e^-λr) / r] , where δ(r) is delta function.

    The thing that surprised me is the total charge is zero (Q = 0), how could this happened since I have a charge density? and can someone help me answering the following two questions.

    1. What is the physical picture of the charge density (=how does the charge density look
    like)?

    2. Where could a charge density of this form appear in nature?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 4, 2011 #2
    Re: Need a physical picture!!!

    Hi, How have you figured out that the total charge is zero exactly?

    For a picture of the charge density its worth simplifying the statement of charge density by putting all the constants together, unless I have made a mistake does this make sense?

    [itex]ρ(r)=B*δ(r)-C\frac{e^{-Dr}}{r}[/itex]

    It is then a case of taking several significant values of radial points (it should already be clear it is spherically symmetric) and considering the value of the charge density given that B and C are positive. Does this help?

    Once you have the shape and given the spherical nature the second question should make more sense.
     
  4. Oct 4, 2011 #3
    Re: Need a physical picture!!!

    A charge distribution of this nature appears when you place a point charge in a plasma. The point charge is screened by the ions/electrons of the plasma.
     
  5. Oct 4, 2011 #4
    Re: Need a physical picture!!!

    To get the total charge, I took the volume integral of the charge density, that is

    Q = ∫ρ dv = ∫(4*pi*A*ε0*δ(r) - [(ε0*(λ^2)*A*e^-λr) / r]) dv

    = (4*pi*A*ε0) ∫δ(r) dv - (ε0*(λ^2)*A) ∫((e^-λr) / r) dv

    = (4*pi*A*ε0) - (ε0*(λ^2)*A) ∫∫∫((e^-λr) / r) (r^2)*sin(∅)*dr*d∅*dθ,

    since ∫δ(r) dv = 1

    and dv = (r^2)*sin(∅)*dr*d∅*dθ in spherical coordinates.

    Also, ∫∫∫((e^-λr) / r) (r^2)*sin(∅)*dr*d∅*dθ = (4*pi*ε0*(λ^2)*A)((1/λ^2)-((r*e^-λr)/λ)-((e^-λr)/(λ^2)),

    and for entire space: r goes to ∞, we get ∫∫∫((e^-λr) / r) (r^2)*sin(∅)*dr*d∅*dθ = (4*pi*ε0*A).

    Hence, Q = (4*pi*A*ε0) - (4*pi*ε0*A) = 0

    I am really still confusing about understanding this problem.
     
  6. Oct 4, 2011 #5
    Re: Need a physical picture!!!

    Hi, your working appears correct. I am not 100% but taking Dickfore answer this solution would make sense. The total enclosed charge is zero due to screening by the plasma. Sorry I cant be of any help
     
  7. Oct 4, 2011 #6

    ehild

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Re: Need a physical picture!!!

    There is a positive point charge in the middle and negative charge distribution around. It is somewhat similar to a spherical capacitor with a very small inner sphere, with positive charge, and a grounded outer sphere where negative charges accumulate. There is an electric field between the spheres, there is a charge distribution, and the total charge of the capacitor is zero.

    ehild
     
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