# Homework Help: Need help on circle/triangle question

1. Oct 30, 2008

### gangsta316

http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/filemanager/active?fid=2929 [Broken]
Question 4 on page 12.

Could someone give me some hints on how to do this? I have no idea how. All I know is that we could draw a line from the center of the circle to Q, which I think would be perpendicular to that tangent. Also if we draw a horizontal line from the center of the circle to the tangent, the angle between them will be theta.
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2017
2. Oct 30, 2008

### HallsofIvy

So you have a circle with center at (1,1), radius 1, and a line tangent to it at Q making angle $\theta$ with the x-axis. The angle $\theta$, as shown, is actually with the "backward pointing" x-axis. The angle with positive x-axis, the one used in defining the slope of a line is $\pi- \theta$. Since [/itex]tan(\pi- \theta)= - tan(\theta)[/itex], the slope of the tangent line is $-tan(\theta)$ (oops- that was one of the things you were supposed to prove!).
Of course, the radius of the circle, from (1, 1) to Q, is perpendicular to the tangent line. Let Q= (x,y). Then the line from (1,1) to Q has slope (x-1)/(y-1) which must be the negative reciprocal of $-tan(\theta)$ which is $cot(\theta)$. The equations
$$\frac{y-1}{x-1}= \frac{cos(\theta)}{sin(\theta)}$$
and
$$x^2+ y^2= 1$$
should give you what you need.

3. Oct 31, 2008

### gangsta316

Thanks. I managed to do that part. Are the co-ordinates of P

P $(1 + \csc \theta + \cot \theta, 0)$?

I can't do part (ii). For the explanation I'm unsure. All I know is that angle PRO (in the B area) is $\frac{\pi}{2} - \theta$.

I got $A(\frac{\pi}{4}) = 1 + \sqrt2 -\frac{3\pi}{8}$. Is that correct?

Last edited: Oct 31, 2008
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