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Homework Help: Need help with momentum problem

  1. Nov 7, 2004 #1
    For a safe re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere, the pilots of a space capsule must reduce their speed from 2.6 x 10^4 m/s to 1.1 x 10^4 m/s. The rocket engine produces a backward force on the capsule of 1.8 x 10^5 N. The mass of the capsule is 3800 kg. For how long must they fire their engine? [Hint: Ignore the change in mass of the capsule due to the expulsion of exhaust gases.]

    The answer to this problem is 320 seconds, but I have no idea how to get to that answer. I just want to know the formula or theorem that I can use to solve this specific problem. Your help would be highly appreciate.

    PS. sorry for my English, I'm not a native speaker.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 7, 2004 #2

    Pyrrhus

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    Homework Helper

    Newton's 2nd Law

    [tex] \sum_{i=1}^{n} \vec{F}_{i} = \frac{d \vec{P}}{dt} [/tex]

    Using [itex] \vec{p} = m \vec{v} [/itex]

    [tex] \sum_{i=1}^{n} \vec{F}_{i} = \frac{d (m \vec{v})}{dt} [/tex]

    The problem states mass is constant therefore it can go out of the derivative.

    [tex] \sum_{i=1}^{n} \vec{F}_{i} = m \frac{d\vec{v}}{dt} [/tex]

    For Finitessimals:

    [tex] \sum_{i=1}^{n} \vec{F}_{i} = m \frac{\Delta \vec{v}}{\Delta t} [/tex]
     
  4. Nov 7, 2004 #3
    My course is Algebra based physics.
    I can't understand Calculus, so is there any formula that based on algebra?
    Thanks for your respond.
     
  5. Nov 7, 2004 #4
    Use F=Ma to find the acceleration due to the backward force. You can then find the time needed to reduce their speed to the correct value.
     
  6. Oct 26, 2011 #5
    This problem involves manipulating the impulse-momentum theorem.
    We know that Impulse is equal to the change in momentum (I=Δp) where change in momentum is Δp=mv(final)-mv(initial). We also know that Impulse is equal to Force*change in time (I=FΔt). Using these formulas you should be able to solve this question with ease.
     
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