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Need some math code

  1. Sep 6, 2005 #1

    ranger

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    Does anyone know where to find or how to code a program that solves differtiation. Just differentiation and nothing esle. No computer algebra system. It doesnt even have to be a functional program, just some code extracts so I can see how the computer evaluates these problems.

    Language = C or C++. Java would be fine also.

    --thank you
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 6, 2005 #2

    HallsofIvy

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    It's not clear what you mean. Do you mean a numerical differentiation?
     
  4. Sep 6, 2005 #3

    ranger

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    i mean that given a function f, find f`. Example

    f = x^3 + 3x + 4
    f`= 3x^2 + 3

    No need to find the numerical value.
     
    Last edited: Sep 6, 2005
  5. Sep 6, 2005 #4

    lurflurf

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    That would be easy to code as differentiation is very systematic. The problem would be typesetting and simplification. Without nice (hard to write) simplification and type setting the results would be very ugly. You would just need a few rules and use them in combination.
    (u*v)'=u'*v+u*v'
    (u+v)'=u'+v'
    (u^v)'=v*u^(v-1)*u'+u^v*log(u)*v'
    (f(g))'=f'(g)g'
    exp'(x)=exp(x)
    log'(x)=1/x
    sin'(x)=cos(x)
    cos'(x)=-sin(x)
    and so on
     
  6. Sep 6, 2005 #5

    ranger

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    That is how the rules would be coded? So for example the C programming language has built in fuctions for dealing with differentiation?
     
  7. Sep 6, 2005 #6

    lurflurf

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    no no. You would need to have some text parsing. What exactly are your goals with this project? The text parsing could be quite tedeous.
    here are some sloppy ideas
    Say your functions are
    sin()
    cos()
    exp()
    log()
    +(,)
    -(,)
    *(,)
    /(,)
    ^()()
    -()
    first you would have your parser check that the function was valid
    then it could count the x's, then use differentiate with respect one x at a time and add the results. It would then start at the proper x and work backward until finished
    say you
    what makes this hard is
    -checking the input function is valid
    -allowing freedon in keying imput function
    -reduceing the answer so it does not look silly ie
    f=x*x*x
    f'=x*x+x*x+x*x
    -allowing many functions
    -making the results pretty
     
  8. Sep 6, 2005 #7

    ranger

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    Its not really a project. I'm just curious on how it would solve it.
    .

    How would that code look like(for the differentiation section)?

    It would be damn ugly to look at x*x*x*x + x*x
     
  9. Sep 6, 2005 #8

    lurflurf

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    Here are some links from my web search. Several pages have suggested lisp as a good environment for programs of this type.

    used lisp
    http://mitpress.mit.edu/sicp/full-text/sicp/book/node39.html
    somewhere a class called CS 381K had this as homework (uses lisp)
    http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/novak/asg-symdif.html
    paper about coding this in c++
    http://www.usenix.org/publications/library/proceedings/coots98/full_papers/gil/gil_html/gil.html
    more lisp
    http://www.cs.sfu.ca/~cameron/Teaching/384/971/Lectures/deriv.html
     
  10. Sep 6, 2005 #9

    ranger

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    Thanks for these good readings lurflurf. I'll look into them right away. So lisp is better suited for this then?
     
  11. Sep 6, 2005 #10
    implicit differentiation? MAPLE
     
  12. Sep 6, 2005 #11

    ranger

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    neurocomp2003, I'm not interested in a computer albebra system. I just wanna know how a computer evaluates the discussed subject i.e seeing the source code.
     
  13. Sep 6, 2005 #12

    lurflurf

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    For what purpose? I can think of a few.
    (1) understand differentiation better yourself
    (2) to contrast how a computer program performs differentiatio with how a human does
    (3) to see how actual step that are simple for a human are implemented

    (1) is not likely, as you would need to follow individual steps out. Some steps would be ugly, possibly all steps without a good simplification process, if you did have good simplification it could make things more confusing.
    (2) unlike integration, computers do symbolic differentiation much more like a human would. There are simple rules that can be followed in a deterministic fashion. The simplification, acceptable input check, and answer formating are where all the action it.
    (3) is the area that could be most productive. It would also be very tedious. The process goes
    -develop unambigues notation for input and output
    -develop code for programe to deal with functions
    -develope method for ensuring that imput and output are in proper form
    -define rules by which valid imput is systematically reduced
    -implement simplification to above step lest answer looks yucky
    -implement typeset for answer lest looks yucky
    All that is of some interest, but the details are very tedeous.
     
  14. Sep 7, 2005 #13
  15. Sep 7, 2005 #14
    i thought maple has source code available..and maple is not a computer algebra system. If your looking for source code then your above post should be changed and you shouhld take a numerical methods/analysis course. It involves changing the function into its taylor approx. series.
     
  16. Sep 8, 2005 #15

    ranger

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    Thanks for pointing to the code Orion1. It will take sometime for me to analyze it.

    neurocomp2003, thanks for telling that maple has its source available.
    http://www.math.utah.edu/lab/ms/maple/src/
    You're saying that maple isnt a CAS (or doesnt have CAS capabilities)? Well in that case I've been lied to all my life.
     
  17. Sep 8, 2005 #16
    what your definition of CAS? I was under the impression that matlab was CAS but maple deals with more analysis.
    Unless your talking about symbolic programming?
     
  18. Sep 8, 2005 #17

    ranger

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    When I say CAS, I mean a program that does math fuctions. Like thoes fuctions from algebra, calculus, diff equations. Functions such as exapnsion, differentiation, factoring, limits, etc. No programming. A good example of a CAS is the one found on texas instruments TI-89 series a calculators.

    I'm sure that maple supports this capability.
     
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