Negative Values of the Frictional Force?

  • #1

Homework Statement



6110bc6d-047f-4ce3-8462-1248e3134b33.jpe


Ignore B & C for now

The block in the figure reaches a velocity of 40 m/sec in 100 m, starting from rest. Compute the coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the ground.

W = 100N

F = 40 N

2. Homework Equations

∑Fy = 0 so Normal Force = Weight
∑Fx = Force - Inertia - Frictional Force - Weight = 0

The Attempt at a Solution



0.5 (V^2 -Vo^2) = as

0.5 (40^2 - 0) = a(100m)

a = 8 m/s^2

So I got this equation:

40 N = 100 N ( cos90) + 100N (8m/s^2 / 9.806 ) + 100 N ( μ)

I ended up getting a negative coefficient of friction which is

-0.415827. Is there something wrong with my equation?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
417
67
You cannot have a negative coefficient of friction.
Also, write out your equation in variable form.
 
  • #3
193
29
Is there something wrong with my equation?

Think about the directions of the forces, how they add or subtract.
 
  • #4
You cannot have a negative coefficient of friction.
Also, write out your equation in variable form.

0.5 (V2 -Vo2) = 2 * a * d

∑Fy = 0

W = 100N
N - W = 0
so W =100 N


∑Fx = 0

F = 40 N

F - Ff - W ( a / g ) - W = 0
 
  • #5
Think about the directions of the forces, how they add or subtract.


The inertia naturally resists the motion so it's negative, frictional force too. Weight is multiplied by the cosine of 90 so it's technically zero. Force appears to be going to the right so it's positive. I'm still having trouble why it's a negative value when computed
 
  • #6
193
29
F - Ff - W ( a / g ) - W = 0

If Ff is the frictional force, what is W?
 
  • #7
If Ff is the frictional force, what is W?

Weight, so are you saying Weight does not exist on a horizontal movement ?
 
  • #8
193
29
The inertia naturally resists the motion so it's negative

But the acceleration must have the same direction and the same sign as the net force.
 
  • #9
193
29
Weight, so are you saying Weight does not exist on a horizontal movement ?

It has no effect that isn't already accounted for: weight by definition acts only vertically, and in this case is balanced by the normal force. You have the coresponding mass in the term that includes g.
 
  • #10
kuruman
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∑Fx = Force - Inertia - Frictional Force - Weight = 0
I see a couple of problems with this equation.
1. You say that the net force (sum of all the forces) is zero. That is true only if the acceleration is zero. This is not true here because the block starts from zero velocity and reaches 40 m/s some time later. Therefore the acceleration cannot possibly be zero.
2. You show 4 forces acting in the horizontal direction. I can only see 2 that make sense, "Force" (pushing the block) and "Frictional force" (from the ground contact). Where does "Inertia" come from? What about "Weight"? Is that in the horizontal direction?
 
  • #11
686
172
-0.415827. Is there something wrong with my equation?
I got the same answer. Maybe we are both crazy.
 
  • #12
It has no effect that isn't already accounted for: weight by definition acts only vertically, and in this case is balanced by the normal force. You have the coresponding mass in the term that includes g.


Ok , so this gave me an idea

∑Fx = 0

F = 40 N

F - Ff + W ( a / g ) = 0

So if I compute again

40 - Ff + 100 ( 8m/s2 / 9.806)

I would get a Ff of 121.5827 N

divide that by 100 and I get a coefficient of 1.22

Seems pretty large for a coefficient of friction
 
  • #14
686
172
If a force of 40 N is applied to a mass of 10 kg, you get an acceleration of 4 m/s^2. So how can you get an acceleration of 8 m/s^2 unless you have another force acting in the same direction. Thus, a negative μ.

Maybe it's too earl for me and I'm not fully awake yet.
Edit: See ^. I can't even type "early".
 
  • #15
417
67
Interestingly enough, I also got that same negative answer. I'm not sure what could've gone wrong here unless the data from the original question was copied down incorrectly, since a negative coefficient of friction is physically impossible.
 
  • #16
686
172
Interestingly enough, I also got that same negative answer. I'm not sure what could've gone wrong here unless the data from the original question was copied down incorrectly, since a negative coefficient of friction is physically impossible.
Either written down wrong, or a poorly-thought-out problem.
 
  • #18
686
172
@AilingLore21 Can you check if all of the values in the problem are written down correctly.
 
  • #19
193
29
I think you have the wrong sign for the acceleration; but I agree something is strange here. The block was accelerated at almost g, which as far as I can see is incompatible with a 40 N force and a 100/g kg mass. Have you checked the given data, including units?
 
  • #20
I somewhat figured out that
@AilingLore21 Can you check if all of the values in the problem are written down correctly.

They are apparently. I'm used to solving the inclined versions of these. I wonder why I'm having this much trouble on a horizontal one
 
  • #21
686
172
They are apparently. I'm used to solving the inclined versions of these. I wonder why I'm having this much trouble on a horizontal one
Actually, your first answer of μ = -0.416 looks like it was correct. But I could not understand your method. It seemed like there were some problems.
For example, if you could explain how this equation came about.
40 N = 100 N ( cos90) + 100N (8m/s^2 / 9.806 ) + 100 N ( μ)
 
  • #22
kuruman
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Look, if the contact were frictionless, the acceleration would be
$$a=\frac{F}{W/g}=\frac{40}{100/9.8} = 3.92~m/s^2$$
How can the acceleration with friction be about twice a much? If the numbers are copied correctly, they are not thought out correctly.
 
  • #23
686
172
40 N = 100 N ( cos90) + 100N (8m/s^2 / 9.806 ) + 100 N ( μ)
Actually, the more I look at your equation, the more it makes sense. The only thing that is really questionable in that equation is the 100cos90 term. Where did that come from?

One other tip: It is best to leave out units in these equations. Just include them in the final result.

If I throw out the 100cos90 term in your equation, I am left with:
40 = (100)(8/9.8) + 100μ, which is derived from:
ΣF = ma
F - f = ma (where F is the 40 N applied force and f is the friction force)
40 - μ(100) = (100/9.8)(8)
Solving gives μ = -0.416.

So I think you were pretty much on the right track, except for that 100cos90 term.
 
  • #24
kuruman
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If I throw out the 100cos90 term in your equation
You can safely do that, ##\cos 90^o =0##.
 
  • #25
686
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You can safely do that, cos90=0.
For sure. I just think it shows a lack of understanding that it was there in the first place.
 

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