# Net force zero = velocity > zero ?

• choggo
In summary: When there's friction, there's no longer the condition where no net force is acting on the object. Friction IS a form of an external force acting on that moving object.
choggo
net force zero = velocity > zero ??

can the net force on an object be zero yet the velocity not be zero?
I say yes but under what conditions and must any restrictions be placed on the magnitude or direction of the velocity?

Yes. The condition is that there is no force applied on the object. Then the velocity will be constant which can be non-zero. Magnitude and direction do not have any restrictions (assuming that there's nothing it can collide with etc.).

choggo said:
can the net force on an object be zero yet the velocity not be zero?
I say yes but under what conditions and must any restrictions be placed on the magnitude or direction of the velocity?

You may want to reread and understand Newton's First Law, which explicitly indicates that for an object with no net force, it will either be stationary, or move with a constant velocity. This is the beginnings of the concept of no preferred inertial reference frame.

Zz.

It's the essence of the reinterpretation of the first postulate in terms of forces (defined in the second one).The principle of inertia applies,iff the vector sum of all forces acting on the body/system is zero.

Daniel.

Thank you but...how can the velocity be constant and the external force be net zero? Would not friction cause an object to slow? Would the conditions have to be in space? I am a novice so go easy. Thanks

choggo said:
Thank you but...how can the velocity be constant and the external force be net zero? Would not friction cause an object to slow? Would the conditions have to be in space? I am a novice so go easy. Thanks

When there's friction, there's no longer the condition where no net force is acting on the object. Friction IS a form of an external force acting on that moving object.

Zz.

if there is friction there is force. the space would have to be empty.

OK guys...give me an example where this can occur...its easy to say that the net force is zero and velocity can be something other than zero but I have not seen any examples yet.
How about a spaceship that is accelerating and then stops accelerating...the net force is removed and yet the ship will continue moving at the last speed before removal of the force...sound good?

Pretty much so.However,the principle of inertia is still valid.

Daniel.

EDIT:Yes,it does.

Basic stuff - Check out Newton's first law of Motion. You need a force to STOP a body moving, or to start it moving. You most certainly do not need a force to keep something moving. Think about the Voyager space probes for example.

Don't feel too dumb, though.
Precisely because it is very difficult to totally remove forces like friction and air resistance from acting upon an object, the "natural" idea is to assume that objects tend towards a state of rest (the Aristotelian view). The inertia concept (as developed by Galileo, and later Newton) is subtler/more difficult to understand because it seems to go counter to our day-to-day experiences.

Fnet = sum of Forces (x,y,z). I use the Free Body Diagram to illustrate Fnet and anet. The forces acting on an object are drawn on the FBD (Fgrav, Ffriction, Fapplied, Tension, Fnormal, Fair, Fspring). Then the forces are added vectorally to find the resultant or net force. I encourage my students to view anet as the acceleration that you see or feel (if you are part of the system). Reference frames, as always, are critical here.

Choggo, I guess you aren´t thinking in terms of NET force, but, instead of this, in terms of the force that YOU, as an extern agent, is applying on the object. Of course that YOU are aplying a force, you are "feeling" the force you are aplying on the object, BUT, otherwise, the 1st Law says that the NET force NEED to be zero for that the actual state of rest or uniform movement (both having a=0) remains like that. Your force on the body exists, and it will always exist in real cases because the friction, the gravity or any other sort of oposite force, but so as to know the behavior of the velocity of the body (if it´s changing or not) you need to calculate the NET force. If it's zero so velocity is constant. I hope I have helped you.

## 1. What is net force zero?

Net force zero refers to the condition where the sum of all forces acting on an object is zero. This means that the forces are balanced and there is no resulting motion or change in velocity.

## 2. How is net force related to velocity?

Net force and velocity are related through Newton's Second Law of Motion, which states that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass. This means that if the net force is zero, the velocity of the object will remain constant.

## 3. Can an object have a net force of zero but still have a non-zero velocity?

Yes, an object can have a net force of zero and still have a non-zero velocity if it is in a state of constant motion with no change in speed or direction. This can occur when the object is traveling at a constant speed in a straight line, or when the forces acting on the object are balanced and cancel each other out.

## 4. What happens when the net force is zero and the velocity is non-zero?

When the net force is zero and the velocity is non-zero, the object will continue to move at a constant speed and direction. This is known as uniform motion, and it occurs when the forces acting on an object are balanced and there is no acceleration.

## 5. How does an object's mass affect the relationship between net force and velocity?

An object's mass directly affects its acceleration and thus its velocity when the net force is non-zero. A larger mass will require a greater net force to achieve the same acceleration as a smaller mass. However, when the net force is zero, the object's mass has no effect on its velocity, as the forces are balanced and the velocity remains constant.

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