Neutrinos and Anti-Neutrinos

  • Thread starter Glenn
  • Start date
  • #1
Glenn

Main Question or Discussion Point

What are the characteristic differences between the two?

I was under the impressions that antimatter and matter had the same characteristics except for an opposite charge. But a neutrino has no charge.

Thanks,
Glenn
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
334
1
The only difference, as far as I'm aware, is in their helicity. So basically, a "right handed" neutrino would be an anti-neutrino.
 
  • #3
selfAdjoint
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Dearly Missed
6,786
5
Originally posted by Lonewolf
The only difference, as far as I'm aware, is in their helicity. So basically, a "right handed" neutrino would be an anti-neutrino.
Quote from a post by Lobos Motl on today's s.p.r.:
It is only the combined "CP" transformation whose candidate operator can be found: it maps a left-handed neutrino into a right-handed antineutrino, which is OK. However even this combined "CP" transformation, although you can define such candidate operators, does not commute with the Hamiltonian because the mass matrix for quarks (and - as we know today - probably also for the leptons) contains a complex phase that physically distinguishes particles from anti-particles.
 
  • #4
16
0
Helicity is not a good quantum number for a massive particle (like a neutrino). Since it is roughly speaking defined as a projection of a particle's spin onto its momentum, one can always switch to a reference frame that is moving faster then the particle. In this frame you'll observe opposite helisity. So helicity is not Lorentz-invariant.

Neutrinos are interesting precisely because they have no electric charge. The only thing that distinguishes neutrino and antineutrino is a lepton number. And even that depends on "what it is." For example, if neutrino is a so-called Majorana particle, then it is its own antiparticle (transforms into itself under the CP-transformation), just like a photon or neutral pion.
 

Related Threads for: Neutrinos and Anti-Neutrinos

  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
4K
Replies
10
Views
811
Replies
6
Views
11K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
5K
Replies
2
Views
3K
Replies
19
Views
11K
  • Last Post
2
Replies
26
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
14
Views
4K
Top