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New at Physics, PLEASE HELP

  1. Sep 29, 2011 #1
    New at Physics, PLEASE HELP :)

    Hello, I'm in 8th grade advanced Science, we just started physics but I'm very confused. Can anybody help me on how to calculate acceleration and magnitude? Thanks :approve: This is NOT homework, I am just trying to study for an exam tomorrow.
     
    Last edited: Sep 29, 2011
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 29, 2011 #2
    Re: New at Physics, PLEASE HELP :)

    Well magnitude is a general property of vectors. Not just acceleration.
    For example. velocity is a vector, the difference between "velocity" and "speed" is that "velocity" has a magnitude and a direction, whereas "speed" only has magnitude.

    So "magnitude" is like the length of the vector. Another way to look at is is that if you are doing 1-dimensional problems (which you probably are) then your "vectors" are basically just a single number that can be positive or negative, then "magnitude" is like the absolute value.


    As for acceleration, just think of it as the change in velocity over time.
    [tex]a=\frac{\Delta v}{\Delta t}=\frac{v_{f}-v_{i}}{\Delta t}[/tex]
     
  4. Sep 29, 2011 #3
    Re: New at Physics, PLEASE HELP :)

    Hello :)

    Acceleration is a rate of change of velocity, where velocity is a rate of change of position.

    If I run in a 100m race, and finish in 10 seconds, my velocity is how fast I go from beginning to end. In this case it is:

    [itex]v = \frac{finish-start}{time} = 10m/s[/itex]

    In this case, the start is the x=0 position, and finish is the x=100 position.

    Acceleration is similar to this.

    If I start by going 5m/s and end at 15m/s, then my acceleration is:

    [itex]a = \frac{final velocity - initial velocity}{time} = \frac{15m/s-5m/s}{10s} = 1m/s^2 [/itex]

    Now, all of these are averages for the given example, and I randomly chose numbers.

    Also, these are all magnitudes. If I were to attach a direction to the magnitude, it would become a vector.

    Hope this helps.
     
  5. Sep 30, 2011 #4

    NascentOxygen

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    Staff: Mentor

    Re: New at Physics, PLEASE HELP :)

    While a body is undergoing a change in speed, or even just a change in direction, then it is accelerating (or decelerating).

    Only if it is travelling at a constant speed AND in a straight line is it NOT accelerating.

    Something going around and around on a circular path at a constant speed is constantly accelerating, since for no time interval is it seen to be travelling in a straight line.
     
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