Newton's laws / Friction 2

  • #1

Homework Statement



A 4.0-kg toboggan rests on a frictionless icy surface, and a 2.0 kg block rests on top of the
toboggan. The coefficient of static friction µs between the block and the surface of the toboggan is 0.60, whereas the kinetic friction coefficient is 0.51. The block is pulled by a
30 N horizontal force as shown. What are the magnitudes and directions of the
resulting accelerations of the block and the toboggan?


Homework Equations



Ffr = [tex]\mu[/tex]s Fn = [tex]\mu[/tex]s mg
Ffr = [tex]\mu[/tex]k Fn = [tex]\mu[/tex]k mg

Fn = mg

[tex]\Sigma[/tex]F= ma


The Attempt at a Solution



Fn= (m1 + m2) g
Fn= (2.0kg + 4.0kg) (9.80m/s2)
Fn= 58.8 N

Now I calculate the friction of both separately: (im not sure about this part)

Box:

Ffr = 0.60 (58.8N)
Ffr = 35.25N

Tob:

Ffr = 0.51 (58.8N)
Ffr= 29.988N

Then I attempt the acceleration:

[tex]\Sigma[/tex]=m1a
Fr-F=ma
35.25N-30N = (2kg) a
5.25N/2kg = a
2.625 m/s2 = a

[tex]\Sigma[/tex]= m2a
F-Ffr =ma
30N-29.988N = (4kg) a
0.003 m/s2 = a (or 3 x 10-3)

This is where I get confuse. When the box is pulled doesn't it stay static while the sled slides on the ice? And what do they mean by direction?

Any help would be great :)
 

Attachments

  • assignment1_16.png
    assignment1_16.png
    7.9 KB · Views: 360

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Delphi51
Homework Helper
3,407
11
Remember the ice is frictionless, so the only friction you need to work out is for the box on the toboggan, Ff = 0.6*2*g = 11.77 N.
This means the "grip" of the toboggan on the box is 11.77N - the maximum force without slipping, so the maximum acceleration is a = F/m = 11.77/2 = 5.89 N.
If we are trying to accelerate more than that, we will have a complex problem where the box slides along the toboggan. However, we are only trying to accelerate at
a = F/m = 30/6 = 5 m/s2, so there will be no sliding.
 
  • #3
But dont we know from the very beginning that the toboggan will not slide just by looking at the static and kinetic friction values.

Doesn't [tex]\mu[/tex]s mean that it will only move if it is higher than 0.60? And since the [tex]\mu[/tex]k is smaller we know it will not accelerate?
 
  • #4
Delphi51
Homework Helper
3,407
11
The toboggan must slide on the ice - a force is applied and there is no opposing force.
Doesn't LaTeX Code: \\mu s mean that it will only move if it is higher than 0.60? And since the LaTeX Code: \\mu k is smaller we know it will not accelerate?
I don't understand this. You use the static coefficient if the box is not sliding, the kinetic one if it is.
 
  • #5
Sorry. I have trouble explaining physics.

Ok, so basically it was a trick question because we actually do not need the [tex]\mu[/tex]k which is 0.51 for the toboggan?
 
  • #6
tms
644
17
But dont we know from the very beginning that the toboggan will not slide just by looking at the static and kinetic friction values.

Doesn't [tex]\mu[/tex]s mean that it will only move if it is higher than 0.60? And since the [tex]\mu[/tex]k is smaller we know it will not accelerate?

[tex]\mu_s[/tex] is usually larger than [tex]\mu_k[/tex], for any surface. Think of your normal experiences when pulling something. Once you get it started sliding, is it harder or easier to pull than before it started moving?
 
  • #7
Definitely easier to pull after it started sliding. Makes sense! Thanks.
 
  • #8
Delphi51
Homework Helper
3,407
11
Right, you don't need the kinetic friction this time.
 
  • #9
Delphi51
Homework Helper
3,407
11
This means the "grip" of the toboggan on the box is 11.77N - the maximum force without slipping, so the maximum acceleration is a = F/m = 11.77/2 = 5.89
Oops; I made a mistake here! The mass of the toboggan is 4, not 2. So the box does slide along the toboggan and you have to use kinetic friction. Thanks to a sharp student for catching this! I commented on the same question correctly 6 months before making this mistake. Sorry, bumblebeeliz.
 

Related Threads on Newton's laws / Friction 2

  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
16
Views
8K
  • Last Post
Replies
16
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
17
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
7K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
5
Views
10K
Top