# Non Lebesgue integrability

1. Sep 1, 2011

### muzialis

Hello all, can someone please direct me towards an argument proving the Lebesgue integral from 0 to infinity of sin x / x does not exist?
Many thanks

2. Sep 1, 2011

### micromass

We need to show that

$$\int_0^\infty{\left|\frac{\sin(x)}{x}\right|dx}=+\infty$$

For this, we set

$$J_k=\int_{k\pi}^{(k+1)\pi}{\left|\frac{\sin(x)}{x}\right|dx}$$

Change the variables: $y=x-k\pi$ to obtain

$$J_k=\int_0^\pi{\frac{\sin(y)}{y+k\pi}dy}$$

From $y+k\pi\leq (k+1)\pi$ follows

$$J_k\geq \frac{1}{(k+1)\pi}\int_0^\pi{\sin(x)dx}=\frac{2}{(k+1)\pi}$$

Thus

$$\int_0^{+\infty}{\left|\frac{\sin(x)}{x}\right|dx}\geq \sum_{k=0}^{+\infty}{J_k}=+\infty$$

3. Sep 2, 2011

### muzialis

Micromass,

many thanks for thr neat proof.
The fact that this function is no Lebesgue integrable but is it Riemann integrable in the improper sense is the most puzzling to me.
Can you please maybe attempt an heuristic explanation too?

Wikipedia says that "from the point of view of meausre theory the integral is like infty - infty", which I do not understand at all.

Also, on the integrabiliyt of thre function 1/x. In this thread https://www.physicsforums.com/archive/index.php/t-276377.htmlvigVig offers a proof, but i really do not get why would phi(x) converge to infty, and i did not manage to clarify.