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Non positive inner products

  1. Apr 13, 2010 #1
    1. Suppose v_1, v_2, . . . v_k are non-zero vectors is R^n such that (v_i,v_j)<= 0 for all i,j. Determine, with proof, the maximal possible k for n = 3, and also for arbitrary n.
    2. A is 2x2, A(1,1)=A(2,2)=x-1, A(1,2)=1, A(2,1)=0. Find invertible P,Q such that
    P*A*Q is diagonal. I tried singular value decomposition, but calculations are getting nasty.
    Please, give me hints for these problems. Thanks a lot
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 18, 2010 #2
    OK, I got the first one, hopefully somebody can help me 2nd.
    1) Answer is 2n.
    Use <u,v>=|u|*|v|*cosa, it is nonpositive if a>=90 degrees.
    So in R^3 take i,j,k,-i,-j,-k. If you want to squeeze in other vector the angle
    between that and 3 of those is less than 90.
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