do these exist outside of industry (in say, government, etc where you dont have to work for a boss) if you get a MS or phD in applied math or engineering? the only ones i can think of off the top of my head would be in the national labs like los alamos, oak ridge, etc how much do these jobs pay? how competitive are they to get? in these jobs, do you get to use alot of what you learned in school unlike if you were to work for an engineering company? you dont have to deal with office politics and a rude boss, etc, am i right?