# Homework Help: Norton Equivalent

1. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Find the Norton equivalent at the terminals.

2. Relevant equations
V=IR

3. The attempt at a solution
I did the thevenin equivalent, but I'm not sure where to go from there. How do I get the Norton equivalent out of this?

2. Feb 1, 2016

### Staff: Mentor

Once you've gone to the trouble of determining the Thévenin equivalent, and are sure its correct, there is no need to repeat the process to determine the Norton. The impedance is the same for each, so simply short-circuit your Thévenin equivalent and that gives you the Norton's current.

Though before you calculate the Norton you'd best take another look at your Thévenin, as you have taken invalid shortcuts there. What became of the 20 and 80 ohm resistors?

3. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

I just learned this and it's still a bit confusing. Can't I just V=IR and, using the current and resistor, make the 2 sections into voltage sources? Or do I have to add those resistors in series in my thevenin circuit?

4. Feb 1, 2016

### Staff: Mentor

You can replace any current source + parallel resistor with a voltage source + series resistor.

Once you have done that, draw your new circuit.

5. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

This might help.

6. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

So would I just add a 100ohm resistor in series with my picture on the bottom left and then change the 400ohms to 500ohms on the picture on the right?

7. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

No. You should not convert 400 into 500.
You are supposed to find the resistance between a and b. 100 and 400 are not in series then. What is the procedure to get the Thevenin resistance?

8. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

Oh, they would be in parallel. So would I find my thevenin voltage by doing 80V(400ohms/500ohms)=64V?

9. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

Right!

10. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

11. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

R1 and R2 are in series. What is the quantity V1/(R1+R2)?

12. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

The current? And then you multiply by the resistance R2 to find the voltage there and that gives you the voltage Vout?

13. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

Right! It is derived from Ohm's law,V=IR.

14. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

Then why can I use that here in this circuit if they are in parallel?

15. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

For the original voltage source in your diagram, 100Ω and 400Ω are in series. For calculating Thevenin voltage, you make use of that original voltage source. To find the Thevenin resistance, you short the original voltage source and then proceed. 100Ω and 400Ω are in parallel when "viewed from port a-b".
Hence, 100Ω and 400Ω will be parallel for Thevenin voltage source but are in seeies fot the original voltage source.

16. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

Ok so if they are parallel for the thevenin voltage source, then why can I use that same equation for finding the thevenin voltage? if they are in parallel.

17. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

Thevenin voltage will be dependent on original voltage source and resistance
combinations "seen" by the original voltage source. You convert this circuit into Thevenin equivalent. It doesn't affect the load.

18. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

Another method to find Thevenin resistance is as follows:
Short the a-b path and calculate total current (with original voltage source). This is your Norton current(IN). Find Vth using voltage divider.
Rth=Vth/IN.
=Voc/Isc
This method is commonly used when there are dependent sources in the circuit.

19. Feb 1, 2016

### Marcin H

oh, ok. that makes more sense now. So how would I find the norton equivalent? Would I use the do In= Vth/Rth? Would Rth be found by adding the 100ohm and 400ohm in parallel?

20. Feb 1, 2016

### cnh1995

Yes. And it will be in parallel with the Norton current source.