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Nuclear Fission Reactor

  1. Nov 30, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    How many kilograms of U-235 would be needed to run a 707 MW reactor for 1 year?


    2. Relevant equations
    183.9 MeV released per reaction
    7.57E26 reactions per year
    (These numbers are from the prior problems)

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I thought maybe half life, but you'd never get 0kg for the final answer with that.

    I can't seem to wrap my mind around this one, I've gotten the other parts but this one is throwing me...

    Any help is appreciated
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 30, 2008 #2

    Andrew Mason

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    This is a complicated question to answer if you are working from first principles. I think you should make it simple and assume that the reactor fissions only U235 (no PU239), that it operates at a set efficiency (say 30%) and that the reactor produces 707 MW of electricity for one year. Also assume that the question is really asking how much U235 is consumed.

    Set out your information and assumptions:

    Total heat energy needed to produce 707 MW of electricity for one year (in Joules).
    Heat Energy released in one fission event of U235 (in eV converted to Joules)
    No. of U235 atoms in 1 Kg
    Total energy released per kg. (in Joules)

    You get the idea.

    AM
     
  4. Nov 30, 2008 #3

    tiny-tim

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    Hi haxxorboi! :smile:

    Hint: how much energy is 707 MW for 1 year? :wink:
     
  5. Nov 30, 2008 #4
    Holy crap, THANK YOU!!!

    22.29595E15 joules heat energy per year at 707 MW

    2.9464E-11 Joules per event

    2.5617E24 atoms per kg

    75.478E12 Joules per kg

    and then obviously divide to get final answer of kg.

    That one was killing me, thanks so much both of you.
     
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