# Nyquist Plot by hand

1. May 13, 2015

### Bypass

I am trying to understand how to draw nyquist plot.
Lets say the transfer function is

Subbing in jω for s,

***Note: should be (jw)^4 , (jw)^3, (jw)^2

Then separating the Real and Imaginary part,

So when
w = 0, in the nyquist plot it is infinity
w = infinity, it is 0
Imaginary intercept is 1.25
For real intercept I am not sure. Since imaginary part is 0 only when w is infinity, i plug in infinity for w in real part. Would the real intercept be infinity or 0? It would be infinity/infinity but numerator is lower order than higher order so would it be 0 instead?

In any case, how am i supposed to plot the rough nyquist plot or at least be able to determine the stability using these 4 points?

In Matlab the Nyquist plot comes out like this

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Last edited: May 13, 2015
2. May 13, 2015

### Hesch

Sorry, I cannot see what you are doing. You have:

Substituting s with jω, you should get:

50 / ( ( jω )4 + 5( jω )3 + 4( jω )2 ) =

50 / ( ω4 - j5ω3 - 4ω2 )

Now, choose a ω and calculate the complex value of the denominator. Do the division and plot the result.

Example: ω=1 → point = ( -4.412 + j7.353 )

Last edited: May 13, 2015
3. May 13, 2015

### Bypass

Sorry about that, just a typo. But it is not possible to plug in every single point that encircles the RHP of S-Plane to see how many times the nyquist plot encircles -1 to determine the stability. So my question is what are some key points that I need to plot so I can determine stability of a closed loop system.

4. May 13, 2015

### Hesch

Try ω = 1, 2, 3, 4 . . . .

If distances are to small then continue: . . . . 8, 16, 32

If distance is to large between ω=2 and ω=3, then try ω=2.5. It's a "cut and try" process.