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Octet Rule and electrons

  • Thread starter Chumchum
  • Start date
  • #1
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Hi I'm unsure about how I can tell whether or not a compound has too many electrons, too few electrons, has an odd number of electrons, or follows the octet rule. I know B and Be are exceptions, but what about compounds that have Xe and S such as XeF4 and SO2?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
don't think about electrons in general, be more specific and think valence electrons
 
  • #3
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For those elements belongs to period 1 and 2, such as N, the elements have only two orbitals, hence the maximum number of electron accommodated by the elements are only 8 electrons, not more than that. These elements will generally follow the octet rules.

However, for elements that have more than 2 orbitals, they may (not necessarily)expand their valency to the d orbital, which means they can accommodate more than 8 electrons. Eg. PCl5 If you found that the central atom accommodate more than 8 valence electron, then the compound doesn't follow the octet rule, and has too many electrons.

XeF4 certainly has more than 8 valence electron, as there are 12 electrons. (Xe shares 4 electron pair with 4F)
 

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