On bohr- sommerfeld theory

  1. So when relativity is applied to an orbiting electron, you get:

    [tex]p_{\varphi}=mr^2 \dot{\varphi}, \quad m=\frac{m_{0}}{\sqrt{1-\beta^2}}, \quad \beta=\frac{v}{c} [/tex]

    Change the rectangular coodinates into the polar coordinates,

    [tex] x = r cos \varphi, \qquad y = r sin \varphi [/tex]

    The nucleus is at the origin. The equation of motion is (the Coulomb force condition),

    [tex]\frac{d}{dt}m\dot{x}= - \frac{kZe^2}{r^2}cos \varphi, \quad \frac{d}{dt}m\dot{y}= - \frac{kZe^2}{r^2}sin \varphi[/tex]

    Using the next condition (the angular momentum [tex]p_{\varphi}[/tex] is the constant),

    [tex]\frac{d}{dt}= \frac{d\varphi}{dt} \frac{d}{d\varphi}= \frac{p_{\varphi}}{mr^2} \frac{d}{d\varphi}[/tex]

    So the equation of the motion is ([tex]u= 1/r[/tex]),

    [tex]\frac{d}{dt}m\dot{x}= - \frac{p_{\varphi}^2}{mr^2}(u+\frac{d^2 u}{d\varphi^2}) cos \varphi[/tex]

    In the case of y, change the upper cos into sin. Combine this with the Coulomb force condition,

    [tex]\frac{d^2 u}{d \varphi^2}+u = \frac{kZe^2 m_{0}}{p_{\varphi}^2} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-\beta^2}} [/tex]

    Using the energy [tex]W[/tex] (of #4) and erase the [tex]\beta[/tex], the solution can be expressed as,

    [tex]u = \frac{1}{r} = C (1+ \epsilon cos \gamma \varphi)[/tex]

    And, the condition of the quantization is, (using the partial integration)

    [tex]\oint p_{r}dr= p_{\varphi} \epsilon^2 \gamma \oint \frac{sin^2 \varphi d \varphi}{(1+\epsilon cos \varphi)^2} = p_{\varphi} \gamma \oint (\frac{1}{1+\epsilon cos \varphi}-1) d\varphi=n_{r} h[/tex]

    And, we should use the following mathematical formula, too,

    [tex]\frac{1}{2\pi} \oint \frac{d \varphi}{1+ \epsilon cos \varphi} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-\epsilon^2}} [/tex]

    my question is, assuming r= radius, how does momentum = mr and furthermore p(lorentz)=mr^2(lorentz)
  2. jcsd
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