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On the nature of light Contd.

  1. Jan 17, 2004 #1
    This is all very well , but is there any proof of this theory ? This brings us to the third criteria of inadmissibility namely that of inequalities . Put simple an inequality is when one and one do not add up to two. According to existing theory ( Maxwells equations ) there are two well defined properties of the electromagnetic field surrounding an electrical conductor , these are the reactive (inductive) field and the radiative field. When a conductor carrying an electrical current is in close proximity to another isolated conductor a change in the current of the active (current carrying) conductor induces a current in the isolated conductor in proximity to it. If the conductors are further apart (approx. two wave lengths resulting from the frequency of the current ) the field is a radiative one. The only criteria given for the difference in these two types of fields i.e the reactive (inductive) field and the radiative field is the distance separating the conductors. A simple calculation shows that this is in fact not true. Using the relation hc/w where h stands for Placks constant , c for the speed of light and w for wave length we can calculate the energy of the electromagnetic field surrounding a 60Hz electricity supply. (60 Hz gives a wave-length of about 5 x 10 6 m) The energy corresponding to this wave-length would be 6.62 x 10 - 34 x 3 x 10 8/ 5 x 106 m = 3.972 x 10 -32 J , which is infinitesimal , about 2.47 x 10 –13 eV. The point which I am trying to make is that even if the intensity of the field is great such an infinitesimal amount of energy per photon could hardly yield a current of discernible amplitude , even if there were billions of photons , it would not make much of a difference. Such a small amount of energy cannot result in the strength of the induced current as observed. Using the structure of the photon as observed it is possible to see that conduction photons can link up in two different orientations . They can link up serially i.e In a north to south orientation or they can link up in parallel i.e a north to north , south to south orientation. The energy of these two different wave forms differs drastically. In the first instance , where the photons link up in series the energy delivered is the sum of the energy of all the individual photons which make up the composite wave while in second instance , when the photons are linked together in parallel the amount of energy delivered is equal to the individual photon energy. Here is the formula that I have derived for calculating of these two energies. In the first instance : Since the wave-length of a conduction photon has been fixed at 10 -6 m. it follows that the energy delivered by each composite wave-length would remain the same. In this case it would be as follows ( (composite wave length/conduction photon wave length) x (composite wave length energy value ) = conduction photon energy value )(5x106 / 10-6 ) x (4 x 10-32 ) =19x10-20 J which is the energy of the conduction photon and is equal to about 1.9eV. This is a sufficient amount of energy to account for practically any strength of current either in a reactive field or in the conductor itself. Taking the second instance that of the radiative field : Using the formula hc/v gives : 6.62 x 10 - 34 x 3 x 10 8/ 5 x 106 m = 3.972 x 10-32 J (approx). which is the accepted value for a radiative field of this wave length.
    We now come to the last point of inadmissibility specifically that of irrationality. The presently accepted view for the propagation of photons over large distances (and this has been incorporated into Maxwells theory ) is that the Universe is permeated at every point by electromagnetic radiation , these all pervasive electromagnetic fields are constantly giving rise to virtual photons which exist for an infinitesimal time and then wink out of existence , the field is perpetually giving rise to these “virtual” photons which arise and vanish out of the energy of the “virtual” electromagnetic field . When a real photon interacts with this “virtual” electromagnetic field it gives rise to a “virtual” electron and a “virtual” positron the two are always linked together and are known as “virtual pairs” . Since the two together constitute matter and anti-matter they annihilate each other giving rise in the process to a photon of exactly the original energy and wave-length as the photon which originally reacted with the “virtual” electromagnetic field . Here is where the notion of irrationality comes in. The theory might be a beautiful concept with matter continually being created and destroyed , yet it lacks in rationality. A matter anti-matter collision must involve colossal energies , much greater than those resulting from nuclear fusion for instance , how can this energy at the end be so finely tuned as to be able to distinguish between the trillions of possible photon energies. It doesn’t make sense. Returnign to the alternative offered by the New Field Theory which is being expounded here. We find that , it is indeed true that , charged particles moving with non-zero accelerations emit photons . This motion (i.e that of electrons ) is perpetual and ubiquitous , so that the whole of space , composed of particles , is filled with photons . In many instances the photons emitted are “virtual” photons (i.e photons that have both very low energies and extremely small life times ) . In fact the perpetual emission and absorption of “virtual” photons is thought to be an indispensable part of the electrons existence. If it were not for this continual absorption and emission of “virtual” photons , the electron as a constantly radiating particle would have a life span of about 10-10 secs. In other words neither electrons nor atoms would exist if not for this constant interaction of electrons with “virtual” photons. Thus the entire Universe is permeated with “virtual” photons . We live in a sea of “virtual” particles. Consider now what transpires when a real photon enters the scene . The “virtual” photons link up with the “virtual” photon in a line whose ends rest on infinity. The energy of the photon is passed along this line in the same way that a line of linked up condensors passes on energy and arrives at its destination intact. Because of the photons ability to link up both longitudinally and transversely it follows that the photon’s energy is conveyed longitudinally (i.e photon’s linked up in series ), while both its energy and its properties are distributed to photons with which it is connected transversely. (i.e in parallel ) This sharing of energy amongst photons connected in parallel means that the energy of the radiated photon wave follows the inverse square law when applied to an isotropic radiator The amount of energy that a photon can share is limited , if this limit is exceeded the real photon transforms into a virtual photon and the links with other photons are broken and the transmission of energy ceases. On the other hand this also means that the distance that a photon can travel is dependent on for how long the light (electromagnetic ) source is active.
    So there you have it an alternative theory of light together with the reasons for putting the theory forward.
    Last edited: Jan 17, 2004
  2. jcsd
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