# Open set

## Homework Statement

Show that the set of $$\mathbb{R}^2$$ given by $$S = \{(x, y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 : x > y\}$$ is open.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Why is S the half plane that has boundary given by the line $$y = -x?$$

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Mark44
Mentor

## Homework Statement

Show that the set of $$\mathbb{R}^2$$ given by $$S = \{(x, y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 : x > y\}$$ is open.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Why is S the half plane that has boundary given by the line $$y = -x?$$
It's not - the boundary is the line y = x. I suspect a typo.

Zondrina
Homework Helper
It's not - the boundary is the line y = x. I suspect a typo.
This is what I also thought when I read the problem.

S is open if and only if S=S°.

Last edited:
Thanks for the clarification. I am still having trouble with this problem.

I know I must determine a radius r such that $$\{(x_1, y_2)\in \mathbb{R}^2: \sqrt{|x-y|^2 +|x_1-y_1|^2}<r\}$$

but how can I find such an r?

What I did was:

I located the region of the plane where $$x\gt y$$ then I place a point $$P=(x_1,y_1)$$ in it where it is fairly close to the line $$y=x$$.

Now I moved to the left from the point P until I hit the line y=x, which I marked Q then this Q has coordinates (y_1,y_1).

But I cant find an r. The answer given is $$\frac{x_1 - y_1}{\sqrt{2}}.$$

Which I don't know how they got?

Mark44
Mentor
Thanks for the clarification. I am still having trouble with this problem.

I know I must determine a radius r such that $$\{(x_1, y_2)\in \mathbb{R}^2: \sqrt{|x-y|^2 +|x_1-y_1|^2}<r\}$$
That equation doesn't look right to me. Why is it (x1, y2), and why doesn't y2 show up on the right?
but how can I find such an r?

What I did was:

I located the region of the plane where $$x\gt y$$ then I place a point $$P=(x_1,y_1)$$ in it where it is fairly close to the line $$y=x$$.

Now I moved to the left from the point P until I hit the line y=x, which I marked Q then this Q has coordinates (y_1,y_1).

But I cant find an r. The answer given is $$\frac{x_1 - y_1}{\sqrt{2}}.$$

Which I don't know how they got?