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Order of congruence classes

  1. Apr 12, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    If m[tex]\in[/tex]Z and [tex]2\leq n\in Z,[/tex] then [tex]|[m]_n|=\frac{n}{(m,n)}[/tex]

    2. Relevant equations

    Lagrange's Theorem

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I am confused simply because it seems like the problem might be missing something. We are asked to find the order of the congruence class m modulo n. But I thought that to even talk about this we must first assume that m and n are coprime. Otherwise we get results like [tex]|[5]_{15}|=\frac{15}{5}=3[/tex]. Yet 5^3=125 which gives you just the class 5 modulo 15 again. If we wanted to look at a cyclic group generated by [tex][5]_{15}[/tex] we would find that it only has two elements, the classes 5 and 10 from repeated multiplication of the class 5, no inverses, and no identity (the congruence class 1 could be an identity but it is never reached by multiplication of 5 to itself).
  2. jcsd
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