How does logic arise and when/where did it first?
Personally, and i dont know much about logic, i think it arises in a mind.However, I see no reason to think that logic indeed has an origin. If logic is a set of necessary truths, then presumably these would have been true even if there weren't a God. After all, they are necessary. I see no real reason to think that necessary truths need a ground or an origin at all.
Cause and effect is philosophical stance nothing inherent in nature. To abstract logic from cause and effect presupposes the thing which you are trying to abstract. This certainly is not case. Actually, from study of developing/"primitive" cultures we learn that its at best it is far more complicated.Logic is an abstraction of cause and effect, the most fundamental principle in the objective world.
You are oversimplifying the philosophical thought here. Cause and effect as you state it is philosophical stance of materialism/scientism. Every culture knows that there are effects of their actions, etc. However, the proposed cause-and-effect view of nature is only philosophical one.The appreciation of cause and effect gives rise to orderly thinking and that has led to logic.
Can any process of cause and effect be used as a process for computation?someone said:Logic is an abstraction of cause and effect, the most fundamental principle in the objective world.