# Overdamped condition

How to get overdamping condition of equation
$$m\ddot{x}+\dot{x}+kx=0,$$
Taking ##x=\mbox{e}^{\lambda t}##, we got
$$\lambda_{1/2}=\frac{-1 \pm \sqrt{1-4mk}}{2m}.$$
Is it possible from this ##\lambda## values to got overdamped condition?
I found that if we have equation
$$m \ddot{x}+\gamma \dot{x}=f(x),$$
then ##-4m\frac{\partial f}{\partial x} \leq \gamma^2## is overdamped condition. How to find it? Any help?

Orodruin
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Hint: The overdamped condition is just that your eigenvalues are real and different. What does that translate to?

Also, you can easily rewrite your equation on this form:
$$m \ddot{x}+\gamma \dot{x}=f(x),$$
What do you get for ##f(x)## and ##\gamma## when doing so?

Dr.D
Hint: The overdamped condition is just that your eigenvalues are real and different.

This is precisely the correct answer. There is really nothing more to be said.

Thanks a lot. Do you have some references for that?

And one more question. What if equation is nonlinear
$$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}+\sin y=0$$
Should I linearized equation first or what?

What you should do first depends upon what you want to accomplish. If you want the solution to the linearized equation, by all means proceed to linearize it. If, on the other hand, you want the solution to the nonlinear equation, linearization is simply wasted effort.