What is the point of adding the sodium dichromate dehydrate in water solution dropwise to benzhydrol in glacial acetic acid? Why can't we just add it all in at once? Also, what is the purpse of the glacial acetic acid?
The oxidation of Benzhydrol involves the conversion of the benzhydrol molecule into a benzophenone molecule by the addition of oxygen. This process is typically carried out using strong oxidizing agents such as potassium permanganate or chromic acid.
The main product of the oxidation of Benzhydrol is benzophenone. However, depending on the reaction conditions and the strength of the oxidizing agent, other byproducts such as benzoic acid or benzoic anhydride may also be formed.
The mechanism of the oxidation of Benzhydrol involves the formation of a benzhydrol radical intermediate, which then reacts with oxygen to form a benzhydrol peroxide. The peroxide is then broken down to form the final product, benzophenone.
The rate of oxidation of Benzhydrol can be affected by several factors, including the concentration of the oxidizing agent, temperature, and pH of the reaction mixture. Higher concentrations of the oxidizing agent and higher reaction temperatures generally lead to faster oxidation rates.
The oxidation of Benzhydrol has several potential applications in chemistry. It can be used as a synthetic method to produce benzophenone, which is an important intermediate in the production of pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and plastics. It can also be used as a model reaction in organic chemistry experiments to illustrate the principles of oxidation and reaction mechanisms.