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Paint Sprayer Constriction

  1. Feb 15, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A paint sprayer pumps air through a constriction in a 2.50-cm diameter pipe, as shown in the figure. The flow causes the pressure in the constricted area to drop and paint rises up the feed tube and enters the air stream. The speed of the air stream in the 2.50-cm diameter sections is 5.00 m/s. The density of the air is 1.29 kg/m3, and the density of the paint is 1200 kg/m3. We can treat the air and paint as incompressible ideal fluids. What is the maximum diameter of the constriction that will allow the sprayer to operate?

    p12.38.jpg

    Correct Answer = 8.07mm

    2. Relevant equations

    ρvA = constant (any fluid)

    vA = constant (incompressible fluid)

    p + (1/2)ρv2 + ρgy = constant

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Area at 2.5cm section = (pi)(r)2 = (pi)(0.0125m)2 = 4.91 x 10-4m2

    Pressure at bottom of 12.5cm tube = (1200 kg/m3)(9.81m/s2)(0.125m) = 1471.5 N/m2 (Pa)

    Pressure at bottom of tube = pressure at top of tube

    1471.5 Pa = (1/2)(ρ)(v2)

    v = 47.76 m/s

    (constant at wide portion) vA = vA (constant at constricton)

    A = A (v/v) = 5.14 x 10-5 m2

    r = 4.04 x 10-3 m = 4.04mm
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 15, 2012 #2
    Double r obviously. I had that thought while I was eating a sandwich.

    d = 8.08mm (correct within rounding)
     
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