# Parametric vector equation

## Homework Statement

The position vectors of two points A,B of a line are a = < 2 ,1 ,7> : b = < 1 , 4 , -1 >
Find the parametric vector equation for any point on the line AB using λ as the parameter.

## Homework Equations

In general x = a + λb
Where b is the unit vector of b.

## The Attempt at a Solution

b = b/ |b|
So b = <1/ 3√2,4/ 3√2,-1/ 3√2>
so we have
x = < 2 , 1, 7> + λ<1/ 3√2,4/ 3√2,-1/ 3√2>

This correct? Please do not give me the answer but I prefer a hint. Thank you .

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Mark44
Mentor

## Homework Statement

The position vectors of two points A,B of a line are a = < 2 ,1 ,7> : b = < 1 , 4 , -1 >
Find the parametric vector equation for any point on the line AB using λ as the parameter.

## Homework Equations

In general x = a + λb
Where b is the unit vector of b.
The vector b in this equation is not the same as the position vector b above. You need a vector with the same direction as your line.

## The Attempt at a Solution

b = b/ |b|
So b = <1/ 3√2,4/ 3√2,-1/ 3√2>
so we have
x = < 2 , 1, 7> + λ<1/ 3√2,4/ 3√2,-1/ 3√2>

This correct? Please do not give me the answer but I prefer a hint. Thank you .

The vector b in this equation is not the same as the position vector b above. You need a vector with the same direction as your line.

I don't follow you dude. So b is not the same because I made b into a unit vector. So it is lambda times the unit vector b
I don't quite follow you. Thanks :)

Mark44
Mentor
You have two points on your line: A( 2 ,1 ,7) and B( 1 , 4 , -1). As a vector, <1, 4, -1> is NOT in the same direction as the line from A to B. You need to find that vector; i.e. AB.

Mark44,

OK, So a = < 2 , 1 ,7 > and b = < 1 , 4 , -1 >

AB = a - b = < 2 , 1 ,7 > - < 1 , 4 , -1 > = < 1 , - 3, 2 >
Turn AB into a unit vector. So you have < 1 / sqrt(14), -3/ sqrt(14) , 2/ sqrt(14) >
Then any point x is represented by x = < 2, 1, 7 > + (lambda) < 1 / sqrt(14), -3/ sqrt(14) , 2/ sqrt(14) >

Good?Thanks

Mark44
Mentor
Yes, that's right.

Thanks Mark44.

So if I wanted this in Cartesian coordinates then x , y , z = 2 , 1 , 7 + λ ( 1/√14, - 3/√14, 2/ √14)
I'm sorry pretend they are written as column's
Then we have
x = 2 + λ(1/√14)
y = 1 + λ(- 3/√14)
z = 7 + λ(2/ √14)

Eliminate lambda and I got.

√14(x - 2) = -(y -1)(√14)/ 3 = ( z - 7)(√14)/2
Correct?

Mark44
Mentor
Looks fine.

Kind of ugly equation don't you think? Thanks

LCKurtz