Parralel Plate capacitor

  • #1
Just wondering if the formula C=εA/d is a realistic formula for a parallel plate capacitor, surely its making an approximation about the plates being HUGE or that at the edges the electric field doesn't go in nice straight lines from one plate to the other?

If it is an approximation does anyone know the more accurate formula
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  • #2
Yes, it is an accurate formula. Why do you doubt it?
  • #3
I just thought that effects at the edge of the plate would affect it slightly
  • #4
It does affect. But i guess the error of not taking into account is negligible!
Its called fringe effect in capacitor.

1. What is a parallel plate capacitor?

A parallel plate capacitor is a simple electrical device that consists of two parallel conductive plates separated by a small distance, often filled with a dielectric material. It is used to store electrical energy by creating an electric field between the plates.

2. How does a parallel plate capacitor work?

A parallel plate capacitor works by storing electric charge on its two plates, which creates an electric field between them. This electric field stores energy in the form of potential energy, which can be released when the capacitor is discharged.

3. What factors affect the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor?

The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is affected by several factors, including the distance between the plates, the area of the plates, and the type of dielectric material between the plates. The capacitance is directly proportional to the area of the plates and inversely proportional to the distance between them.

4. How is the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor calculated?

The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor can be calculated using the formula C = ε₀A/d, where C is the capacitance, ε₀ is the permittivity of free space, A is the area of the plates, and d is the distance between the plates. The unit of capacitance is Farads (F).

5. What are some practical applications of parallel plate capacitors?

Parallel plate capacitors have many practical applications, including as energy storage devices in electronic circuits, in power factor correction, and in filters and tuning circuits in radios and televisions. They are also commonly used in sensors, such as accelerometers and pressure sensors.

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