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Partial fraction decomposition

  • Thread starter TonyC
  • Start date
86
0
Having trouble with one more problem:

find the parial fraction decomposition for th erational expression:
-8x^3-2
x^2(x-1)^3
 

Answers and Replies

2,208
1
[tex] \frac{-8x^3-2}{x^2(x-1)^3} = \frac{-8x^3-2}{(x+0)^2(x-1)^3} [/tex]

[tex] \frac{A}{x} + \frac{Bx+C}{x^2} + \frac{D}{x-1}+\frac{Ex+F}{(x-1)^2} + \frac{Gx^2+Hx+I}{(x-1)^3} [/tex] if I remember correctly.

From there its just like any other PFD problem.
 
86
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Got it...whiz bang!
 
86
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I came up with -6/x -2/x^2 + 6/x-1 + 4/(x-1)^2 + 10/(x-1)^3

Well?
 
TD
Homework Helper
1,020
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You don't need lineair and quadratic expressions in the nominators.
When the denominator is either lineair (ax+b), or lineair to a certain power (ax+b)^n, the the proposed nominator is just a number.
It's only when the denominator is a quadratic with discriminant < 0 that the nominators is proposed to be lineair. Quadratics in the nominator never appear.

So the proposed partial fractions are:

[tex] \frac{A}{x} + \frac{B}{x^2} + \frac{C}{x-1}+\frac{D}{(x-1)^2} + \frac{E}{(x-1)^3} [/tex]

@Tony: I see a lot of right nominators but many signs are wrong.
 
86
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I'm still a bit foggy:

[tex]\frac{A}{x} + \frac{B}{x^2} - \frac{C}{x-1}-\frac{D}{(x-1)^2} - \frac{E}{(x-1)^3} [/tex]

I am coming up with negative numbers each time I run it.
 
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TD
Homework Helper
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Have you tried with my proposal of partial fractions?
 
86
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This is what I came up with: I am getting negative signs each time I run it.



[tex] \frac{A}{x} + \frac{B}{x^2} - \frac{C}{x-1}-\frac{D}{(x-1)^2} - \frac{E}{(x-1)^3} [/tex]
 
TD
Homework Helper
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What do you mean you run? Negatives? You still have the undetermined coeffecients :S
 
86
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I have the nominators, they aren't a problem. I have run this several times and have come up with different answers each time.
When I said negative, I meant to say minus.
 
TD
Homework Helper
1,020
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Well, if you factor again and compare to the initial fraction, you get

[tex]\frac{{x^4 \left( {a + c} \right) + x^3 \left( { - 3a + b - 2c + d} \right) + x^2 \left( {3a - 3b + c - d + e} \right) + x\left( {3b - a} \right) - b}}
{{x^2 \left( {x - 1} \right)^3 }} = \frac{{ - 8x^3 - 2}}
{{x^2 \left( {x - 1} \right)^3 }}[/tex]

This can give you a (not too hard) 5x5 system, or you could simplify your calculations a bit by choosing smart x's, i.e. zero's of the denominator.
 
86
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I am still lost!
 
TD
Homework Helper
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How did you get your first answer then?

"I came up with -6/x -2/x^2 + 6/x-1 + 4/(x-1)^2 + 10/(x-1)^3

Well?"
 
86
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After simplifying the equation, I came up with 2 different answers:
This is why I asked for assistance. I am truly lost at this point.
 
TD
Homework Helper
1,020
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But what exactly is the problem? How did you manage to get that first answer?
You can probably use the same method to solve what I wrote.
 
86
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[tex] \frac{6}{x} + \frac{2}{x^2} - \frac{6}{x-1}-\frac{4}{(x-1)^2} - \frac{10}{(x-1)^3} [/tex]
 
HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
41,738
898
You have posted a number of times that you get "negative answers" (which isn't necessarily wrong), that you get two different answers, and that you are lost but you still haven't shown what you have done so we could point out possible mistakes!

You want to find A, B, C, D, E so that
[tex]\frac{-8x^3- 2}{x^2(x-1)^3}= \frac{A}{x}+ \frac{B}{x^2}+ \frac{C}{x-1}+ \frac{D}{(x-1)^2}+ \frac{E}{(x-1)^3}[/tex]

TD wrote the left side of that as a single fraction but I think it is easiest to multiply both sides of that by x2(x-1)3 to get
[tex]-8x^3- 2[/tex]= Ax(x-1)^3+ B(x-1)^3+ Cx^2(x-1)^2+ Dx^2(x-1)+ Ex^2[/itex]

The easy thing to do is take x= 0 so that
[tex]-2= -B[/tex] or B= 2
and then take x= 1 so that
[tex]-10= E[/tex].

Since those are the only two x values that make things on the right side 0, you now have two different ways to find A, C, D.
(a) Multiply the whole thing out and combine like powers of x
(b) Use simple values for x, like -1, 2, -2, to get three equation for A, C, D.
 

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