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Particle in a 1D box

  1. Jan 8, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    I have a question: whats the relationship between the probability of finding the particle and the particle's energy? if x is the same.


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
    the first question i had 30% for ground state
    2nd energy level i got 2%
    3rd energy level i got 16%
    is that right? they're between 2L/3 and L/2
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 8, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Your answers for the n = 1 and n = 3 states look correct. But not for the n = 2 state.

    If you show your work, we can see if your method is correct.

    I'm not sure I fully understand the question. Are you suppose to derive a functional relationship, P(n), between the probability P of finding the particle between L/2 and 2L/3 and the quantum number n?
     
  4. Jan 8, 2013 #3
    i'll check my 2nd right away, my question is "if the energy state increases does the probability decreases?"
    the equation for the answer is done by Schrodinger's ψ^2
     
  5. Jan 8, 2013 #4
    I found my mistake... looks like the 2nd is 9.7% does that make sense? can u answer my previous question please?
     
  6. Jan 8, 2013 #5

    TSny

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    Your answers now look pretty good (I got 9.8% for n = 2 and 17% for n = 3).

    If you look at your three results, you can see that the probability decreases in going from n = 1 to n = 2 and then increases when going from n = 2 to n = 3. So, the probability does not increase or decrease monotonically as n increases. However, the probabilities will all tend to approach a common value (the classical result) as n increases to large values.
     
  7. Jan 9, 2013 #6
    ok Thanks :) im just 14 and i started quantum a few days ago, plus im new here
     
  8. Jan 9, 2013 #7

    TSny

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    Amazing! :smile: Good luck with your studies and welcome to Physics Forums.
     
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