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Partition function

  1. May 31, 2017 #1
    Hi,
    maybe someone can help me with this problem?

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A system consist of N Atoms that have a magnetic moment m. The Hamiltonian in the presence of a magnetic field H is
    $$\mathcal{H}(p,q) - mH \sum_{i=1}^N cos(\alpha_{i})$$
    where ##\alpha_i## is the angle between the magnetic field and the atom i.

    Show that the induced magnetisationt M is:
    $$M=Nm\coth(\theta-\frac 1 \theta), \theta=\frac {mH}{ k_BT}$$

    2. Relevant equations
    Magnetisation ##M=-\frac {\partial F} {\partial H}##
    Free energy ##F=-k_B\ln(Z)##


    3. The attempt at a solution
    ##Z=Z_{mech}* Z_{magn}##
    I don't know how to calculate the magnetic partition function.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 31, 2017 #2

    Charles Link

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    Homework Helper

    This problem I think is problem (7.14) in Reif's Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Reif gives a hint for the probability being around the angle ## \alpha_i ## (he calls it ## \theta ## ) : In the absence of a magnetic field, the probability that the magnetic moment is between ## \theta ## and ## \theta + d \theta ## is proportional to the differential solid angle ## d \Omega=2 \pi sin(\theta) d \theta ## covered by this ## d \theta ##, and in the presence of a magnetic field this will be weighted by the factor ## e^{-E/(kT)} ##, where ## E ## is the magnetic energy for the angle ## \theta ##.
     
  4. Jun 1, 2017 #3
    Thanks a lot, now I get it :-)
     
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