1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data I should write a program that determines how many columns of a given matrix are a permutation. The user will input some number N <=20 which will be the size of our matrix NxN. Then he will input the individual elements of the matrix by rows. I need to find out how many columns are the permuation of 1,...,N (column can only contain those numbers in random order). Example: Input: 3 1 2 2 3 1 1 2 3 1 Output: 2 2. Relevant equations 3. The attempt at a solution I have written a code that works and should be usable. However I believe there should be more elegant solution to this.. Probably by using a function that will check each column of the matrix and determine if it is the desired permutation. If it is we will increase some variable "result" by one. I am not quite sure how to best check if the column is the given permutation.. probably by having some array prepared and always tick off the number we find in our column and if the numbers match the numbers 1,...,N we know it is a permutation? Anyway I am not quite sure if that is the best way to do it and I would appreciate your help. What do you think of the solution below and how can I actually write such a function? I have never really worked with functions and arrays. Thanks. Code (Text): program columnPerm; var A:array[1..20,1..20] of integer; var N,C,R,i,differ,count,total:integer; var correct:boolean; begin read(N); for R:=1 to N do begin for C:=1 to N do begin read(A[R,C]); end; readln; end; for C:=1 to N do begin count:=0; if A[1,C]< (N+1) then if A[1,C]>0 then count:=(count+1); for R:=2 to N do begin correct:=true; differ:=0; for i:=1 to (R-1) do begin if A[R,C] <> A[i,C] then differ:=(differ+1); end; if differ <> (R-1) then correct:=false; if (A[R,C] > N) or (A[R,C] < 1) then correct:=false; if correct then count:=(count+1); end; if count=N then total:=(total+1); end; write(total); end.