Pauli matrices

  • Thread starter Amok
  • Start date
  • #1
256
2
Hey guys,

I was wondering how to get the expression for pauli matrices. I know that for one electron:

[tex] S_i = \frac{\hbar}{2} \sigma_i [/tex]

But I also know that you can get to the above expression by explicitly calculating the matrix elements of the Sz, Sx and Sy operators (in the basis generated by Sz and S and composed of two vectors) by using a few rules about angular momentum operators, I just don't remember how exactly. Anyone can help?
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #3
256
2
Thanks, but what equations should you use to find the x and y matrices? The z one is the easiest.
 
  • #4
649
3
You can write [itex]S_{x}[/itex] and [itex]S_{y}[/itex] just like [itex]S_{z}[/itex].
[tex]
S_{x}=\frac{\hbar}{2}|\uparrow\rangle \langle \uparrow |-\frac{\hbar}{2}|\downarrow \rangle \langle \downarrow |
[/tex]
Then if you hit this from both sides with z-basis eigenstates you can evaluate the inner products as [itex]1/\sqrt{2}[/itex] or [itex]i/\sqrt{2}[/itex] etc...
 

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