I only have applied courses of quantum physics, so in my text book fundamentals are only briefly mentioned.

In my text book the following is said of the Pauli principle:

I was wondering if someone can tip the veil of these arguments a little bit. Obviously, spin has a lot to do with it. I was wondering if, with similar arguments, it is possible to explain why photon emission is a common occurence in energy exchange. I mean, what makes photons so special; the fact that they have spin 1?
I was wondering whether people are getting any further in making something similar to Mendelejew's table, but for subatomic particles : that is, to show how behavior can be derived based on the number of types of fermions, bosons, etc. in a system.

I haven't had any subatomic physics yet, so please don't overquark me with your input. Thanks.

I think what you're basically talking about is the "spin-statistics-theorem". I think it says that fermions obey the Pauli principle, while bosons do not.

what i have seen in textbooks is the following: they start with the Dirac lagrangian and then express the Hamiltonian in terms of this and the field. The Hamiltonian is then rewritten such that formal operators pop out (similar to the solution for the quantum harmonic oscillator), in particular a "d" operator. If this "d" operator is not anti-commutative, then particles with negative energy could be created - this is rejected on physical grounds. therefore, the anti-commutation property (which is really just another way of writing the pauli principle) is a direct consequence of applying special relativity to a quantized field.