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PDF of Matrix Transformation

  1. Mar 2, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Define X to be an n-vector of jointly continuous random variables X1, ..., Xn with joint pdf f(x) mapping R^n to R. Let A be an invertible nxn matrix and set Y=AX+b. I want to derive the pdf of f(y) in terms of f(x), the original pdf.

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Given a random variable and its PDF f(x), the transformation of Y=g(X) is (given that g is one to one and thus has an inverse) f(g^{-1}(y)) * g'(y). I don't know how to generalize this to a matrix, however. I assume it will be kind of similar... Any help is appreciated. I just need some tips to get started. Thank you!
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 4, 2012 #2

    Intuitively the pdf of Y=g(X) is given by
    In the case of vector x and y, dx and dy is related through the determinant of the Jacobian matrix between x and y
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