Periodic Functions

Homework Statement

What kind of conditions do eigenvalues impose to ensure periodicity?
Is it plausible to say that irrational multiples of eigenvalues imply no harmonic oscillations, if so why?

The Attempt at a Solution

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Dick
Homework Helper
No, that doesn't make a whole lot of sense. Eigenvalues per se have nothing to do with periodicity.

$$\left[\begin{array}{cccc}0 & -a & 0 & 0 \\ -a & 0 & -b & 0 \\ 0 & -b & 0 & -c \\ 0 & 0 & -c & 0\end{array}\right]$$

For any fixed a, I want to find b and c in terms of a such that lambda_i / lambda_ j is a rational number for every i,j=1,2,3,4 .

See, before I was working with

$$\left[\begin{array}{cccc}0 & -a & 0 & 0 \\ -a & 0 & -a & 0 \\ 0 & -a & 0 & -a \\ 0 & 0 & -a & 0\end{array}\right]$$

But that gave me irrational e-values if I put it into Maple and I don't want that.

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Dick
Homework Helper
$$\left[\begin{array}{cccc}0 & -a & 0 & 0 \\ -a & 0 & -b & 0 \\ 0 & -b & 0 & -c \\ 0 & 0 & -c & 0\end{array}\right]$$

For any fixed a, I want to find b and c in terms of a such that lambda_i / lambda_ j is a rational number for every i,j=1,2,3,4 .

See, before I was working with

$$\left[\begin{array}{cccc}0 & -a & 0 & 0 \\ -a & 0 & -a & 0 \\ 0 & -a & 0 & -a \\ 0 & 0 & -a & 0\end{array}\right]$$

But that gave me irrational e-values if I put it into Maple and I don't want that.
Now that makes more sense. It also looks like a hard question. How about a=1, b=0, c=1? Is that good enough? What's this for anyway?

c and b must be in terms of a.

But forget that for now, how would I show that the eigenvalues are irrational for n>3 ? That's why I asked this guy in this thread https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=224954&page=3

how to find an equation for the eigenvalues.

Dick
Homework Helper
You can certainly get an expression for the eigenvalues in terms of a,b and c. You get a quartic equation to solve, but it only has l^4, l^2 and a constant term. So you can solve it with the quadratic equation. But how you enforce the condition that the ratio of roots is rational, I have no idea.