• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products via PF Here!

Perturbation of hydrogen energy due to nucleus

  • Thread starter JamesJames
  • Start date
205
0
Consider the ground state of the hydrogen atom. Estimate the correction [tex]\frac{\Delta E}{E_1s} [/tex] caused by the finite size of the nucleus. Assume that it is a unifromly charged shell with radius b and the potential inside is given by [tex]\frac{-e^2}{4\pi \epsilon b}[/tex]

Calculate the first order energy eorrection to the ground state and expand in [tex]\frac{b}{a_0}[/tex]. Keep the leading term and observe [tex]\frac{\Delta E}{E_1s}[/tex] for b = 10^-15m.

Ok, I need help in constructing the interaction W (or H'). Once I get that, I would then calculate the expectation value of it by sandwiching it between [tex]\psi_1s[/tex]. Is this correct and how would I construct the interaction?

Here is what I have so far

H0 = (p^2)/2m - e^2/r and H = H0 for r > r0

H = (p^2)/2m -e^2/(4pi epsilon b) = H0 + H' for r < r0

Then I would solve for H' and use the perturbation equation. Is this correct ?

James
 
Last edited:
205
0
Ok, i tried it and it is not making any sense. H' somehow does not depend on r. What am I doing wrong?

James
 
205
0
Anything guys...whatever you can suggest would be great.

James
 

dextercioby

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
12,949
531
The perturbation is a constant,indeed...The radius of the nucleus is a constant.And because the [tex] \psi_{1,0,0} (r,\theta,\phi) [/tex] is normalized,the integration will be trivial.

Daniel.
 
205
0
Are the steps I used correct?
 
205
0
Ok, I think I made a mistake. H' does in fact depend on r.

H' = H0 + e^2/r - e^2/(4pi epsilon b)

So I am going to get a constant term plus a term that depends on r so there will be some dependence. Where am I slipping up?

James
 

Related Threads for: Perturbation of hydrogen energy due to nucleus

Replies
2
Views
407
Replies
4
Views
34K
  • Posted
Replies
9
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
6K
  • Posted
Replies
2
Views
5K
  • Posted
Replies
7
Views
907
  • Posted
Replies
1
Views
263

Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving
Top