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PH question

  1. May 24, 2015 #1
    • this type of question should go into homework section
    You prepare 0.5 liters of a solution by adding 0.75 moles of a weak acid HA to water. For HA, Ka = 10^-1 Finally you dilute this solution to a final volume of 2.0 liters. What is the pH of the diluted solution?

    My solution is this. [HA] = .75 mol /.5 L = 1.5 M. HA + H2O -> H3O+ + A-. If x is the equilibrium concentration of H3O+, x^2 /(1.5 - x) = 10^-1 so solving for x gives x = 0.34 M = [H3O+].

    Moles of H3O+ must be 0.34M * 0.5 L = 0.17 mol. When the new volume is 2.0 L, [H3O+] = 0.085M so the pH = 1.1. However, the correct answer to this is 0.8. Where did I go wrong?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 24, 2015 #2

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    What if the question were "you prepare 2 liters of solution using 0.75 moles of a weak acid HA"? How would you approach it? Any reason why it should be a different problem from the one you tried to solve?
     
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