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I'm studying for the Physics GRE and I came across this question. The correct answer is D, but I'm not sure quite how to do it. Any help would be greatly appreciated!
A three-dimensional harmonic oscillator is in thermal equilibrium with a temperature reservoir at temperature T. The average total energy of the oscillator is
(A) (1/2)kT
(B) kT
(C) (3/2)kT
(D) 3kT
(E) 6kT
A three-dimensional harmonic oscillator is in thermal equilibrium with a temperature reservoir at temperature T. The average total energy of the oscillator is
(A) (1/2)kT
(B) kT
(C) (3/2)kT
(D) 3kT
(E) 6kT