Physics of Rocketry: Distance Traveled

  1. Calculate the firing times for the acceleration and deceleration leg of the mission described below and also the distance traveled for each leg. I also need to calculate the initial mass of the vehicle.

    1) acceleration leg from zero velocity to a final velocity of 25,000 m/s.
    2) 360 'cruise' non-acceleration leg (constant velocity) at 25,000 m/s; systems shut down.
    3) deceleration leg (delta V=25,000 m/s)

    This question is part of a bigger question of which I had to solve a couple things for. What's given:

    ISP=4000 seconds
    g=9.81 m/s^2
    [tex]m_L[/tex]=7000 kg

    I have calculated the mass flow rate of the propellant to be .006371 kg/s and the mass of the engine to be 3.42485 kg. Here is my work thus far.

    initial mass=mass of engine + mass of payload + mass of propellant
    [tex]m_0=m_e+m_L+m_p[/tex]

    [tex]\frac{m_0-m_p}{m_0}=e^{\frac{-\Delta V}{ISPg_0}}}[/tex]

    So I solve the above equation for [tex]m_p[/tex] and put into the first equation to obtain the equation below solved for [tex]m_0[/tex].

    [tex]m_0=\frac{m_e+m_L}{e^{\frac{-\Delta}{ISPg_0}}}[/tex]

    So plugging in the numbers where [tex]\Delta V[/tex]=25000, I get the initial mass of the vehicle to be 13243.5 kg. This seems reasonable.

    Now this is where I get confused, how do I go about solving for the propellant mass in each leg and the distance traveled. I believe that I have to do some sort of integration for the distance traveled due to the mass constantly decreasing. Is there an equation or integration set up for this already?
     
  2. jcsd
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