# Homework Help: Physics Problem

1. May 22, 2005

### VietDao29

Hi,
I just want to ask you guys a problem I had at the very beginning of grade 10th. I am gonna go to grade 11th next year. But I still cannot figure this out. (So it's obviously not homework). Any help will be highly appreciated.
A canoe (mass 0.5kg) has an initial velocity of 10 m/s. As it moves along the river, a force F = 0.5v acts on it (to make it decelerate). Calculate the distance the canoe will go when:
a/ Its velocity is 5 m/s.
b/ The canoe stops.
(I'm sorry if my translation of the problem is not clear).
The book gives the answer for a is 5m, and b is 10m.
-----
So what I have so far is a = -v. And I know that to calculate the distance, I must have a function v with respect to t. But... how can I have it?
Thanks a lot.
Viet Dao,

2. May 22, 2005

### dextercioby

Can u integrate that ODE...?It's separable.

Daniel.

3. May 22, 2005

### VietDao29

Can you give me a little hint (just a little bit to clear my mind)? I am stuck...
Viet Dao,

4. May 22, 2005

### dextercioby

$$0.5\frac{dv}{dt}=-0.5 v(t)$$

is the separable I-st order ODE that needs to be solved,using the initial condition the problem's giving.

Daniel.

5. May 22, 2005

### VietDao29

Okay, I'm not sure. But here's what I get:
$$\frac{dv}{dt} = -v(t)$$
And I want
$$s = \int^\varepsilon_\xi v(t)dt$$
Plug that in the function and I have:
$$s = \int^\alpha_\beta -1 dv$$
$$s = \int^\beta_\alpha 1 dv$$
For a/
$$s = \int^{10}_{5} 1 dv = 5$$
For b/
$$s = \int^{10}_{0} 1 dv = 10$$
Is it correct? Is there another way?
Thanks,
Viet Dao,

6. May 22, 2005

### dextercioby

It's not correct.There's another way.It's called separation of variables.

$$\frac{dv}{v}=-dt$$ (1)

$$\int \frac{dv}{v}=-\int dt$$ (2)

$$\ln v(t)=-t+C$$ (3)

$$v(t)=\bar{C}e^{-t}$$ (4)

,where $\bar{C}=e^{C}$ (5)

(4) is the solution to your problem.You need to find the integration constant by imposing the initial condition.

Daniel.

7. May 23, 2005

### VietDao29

Thanks very much. Finally, I know how to solve this problem.
Viet Dao,