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Physics wave/velocity problem

  1. Apr 25, 2005 #1
    A string that is under 46.0 N of tension has linear density 5.00 g/m. A sinusoidal wave with amplitude 2.80 cm and wavelength 1.80 m travels along the string.
    what is the maximum velocity of a particle on the string.

    i dont know how to solve this without a frequency or length of string.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 25, 2005 #2

    OlderDan

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    I don't recall the exact relationship, but from density and tension you can find the velocity. Since you have wavelength, you can get the frequency. I'm sure you have the relationship in your text or reference material.

    From googling

    c = sqrt(T/density per length)
     
  4. Apr 25, 2005 #3
    wavelength= velocty/frequency.
    and i dont understand your reference for density and tension
     
  5. Apr 25, 2005 #4

    jtbell

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    The speed of a wave in a stretched string depends on the tension in the string, and on the mass of the string per unit length (kg/m) which is usually called the linear mass density. Rewriting OlderDan's formula a bit (because I don't like to use [itex]c[/itex] for any speed other than the speed of light, and the linear mass density is usually called [itex]\mu[/itex]):

    [tex]v = \sqrt {\frac {T}{\mu}}[/tex]
     
  6. Apr 25, 2005 #5

    ZapperZ

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    Wait.. isn't this "v" the velocity of propagation? The original question asked for

    This is the first derivative of the wave function at zero displacement, no?

    Zz.
     
  7. Apr 25, 2005 #6

    HallsofIvy

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    Do you understand that a "particle on the string" is moving up and down, not moving along the string with the wave?
     
  8. Apr 25, 2005 #7
    [tex]v=\sqrt{\frac{T}{\mu}}[/tex]
    [tex]\omega=2\pi \frac{v}{\lambda}[/tex]
    [tex]v_{max}=\omega A[/tex]
     
  9. Feb 24, 2010 #8
    I understand the equations but why do all of them fit, why not just use the last Vmax to get the answer instead of subbing and letting the end equation be

    I dont understand how getting this was the answer

    Vmax = (2pi*A)/wavelength * sqrt(Tension/mu)
     
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